Ascites (Water Belly) in Broiler Chickens

Ascites (Water Belly) in Broiler Chickens during Winter Season

Published on: 12/20/2011
Author/s : Ganesh Kumar Dahal (Guybro)
Ascites (or water belly) is a condition of fast growing broiler chickens in which the excess amount of ascitic fluid accumulated in the abdominal cavity. It has become major concern to the poultry industry around the world. This condition is extremely common in high altitude & more particularly during winter / cooler season. Ascites is associated with inadequate supply of oxygen, poor ventila...
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January 8, 2021

With growing cost on energy consumption day by day, a strong emphasis must be given to brooder management & operation. Following tips may help to conserve energy.

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Bouayad Bouayad
DR VETERINAIRE
January 8, 2021

Good morning,
What do you think of ascites in full-bodied broiler breeders? It is that they have the same causal etiologies, thanks.

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Emad Elgazzar Emad Elgazzar
MASTER and PHD degree in microbiology
January 9, 2021

Bouayad Good morning
This problem mainly occurs during winter season from my experiences due to Major cause deficiency of oxygen - and high % of CO2
1-heater utilizeO2 and produce co2
2-bad ventilation
3-sometimes due to high level of sodium in ration -or high fish meal or increase salt physiological due to increase pressure in the liver due to increase pulmonary arterial pressure cause shortage of gas exchange consequently leakage of blood fluid without R.B.Cs into body cavity--Ascites.

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March 15, 2021

Emad Elgazzar You are absolutely right

Inclusion Body Hepatitis which causes Hydro pericardium sometimes gets confused with Ascites.

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January 13, 2021
Ascitis in poultry may be due to

1- bad ventilation
2-high Na in water or feed
3- high protein ration
4- diseases ( IB. CRD. )
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March 30, 2021
Mahmoud Abdelaty Khalaf its true
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Badal Singh Badal Singh
veterinary science
January 16, 2021
Ascitis in poultry

1 High ammonia(NH3).
2 poor digestion of feed.
3 lack of O2
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January 17, 2021

Ascites "syndrome" in broiler caused by:
cold stress, high growth rate especially in high nutrient density pelleted diets, high sodium and chloride intake, high altitudes, low antioxidants level in the diet, respiratory diseases, high stocking density.

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Emad Elgazzar Emad Elgazzar
MASTER and PHD degree in microbiology
January 17, 2021

Hello Dr. Mohammed. Thank you very much you are right 100%, your answer was very helpful

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January 18, 2021
Emad Elgazzar Dear Dr. Emad. Thank you so much for your attention.
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Aoun Khan Aoun Khan
general manager production
January 17, 2021

Ascites is associated with a lack of oxygen. The high body weight achievers face this metabolic problem in winter especially. The solution to this problem is the ample supply of oxygen through minimum ventilation.

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Dr. Samuel Uchenna Felix Dr. Samuel Uchenna Felix
DVM, MSc (Theriogenology and Production)
January 20, 2021
Heat stress also has be implicated in precipitating ascites in birds
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Dr. Samuel Uchenna Felix Dr. Samuel Uchenna Felix
DVM, MSc (Theriogenology and Production)
January 20, 2021
Dr. Samuel Uchenna Felix cold stress during the winter is the most common cause, however diseases that affecting liver function leading to hypoproteinemia can also cause ascites
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IGANYA SAMSON IGANYA SAMSON
DOCTOR OF VETERINARY MEDICINE(D.V.M)
January 20, 2021

Ascites could also be caused by genetics. High altitude raised birds are predisposed to the condition too.

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Ali Beker Ali Beker
Animal Nutritionist
March 30, 2021
Several factors are involved in triggering Ascites in poultry such as fast growth rate (genetics) of broilers, cold stress, high ammonia level, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, etc. In fact, the main cause is low concentration of oxygen in the house not satisfying the oxygen demand by the chicken.
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April 6, 2021
What treatment can we give in that case?
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April 8, 2021

yusuf dambha
Ascites has no cure but preventive measures should be taken to reduce the probability of ascites development for example house ventilation, antioxidant supplementation.

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April 13, 2021
hi, many poultry farmers are now using hydrogen peroxide (5ml in 10litre water)as a treatment for water belly ....according to them it sees to work... please comment? thakns
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April 14, 2021
yusuf dambha
hi
hydrogen peroxide is an antimicrobial disinfectant and it may reduce intestinal pathogens. I don't think H2O2 is a treatment for ascites, but maybe it improves gut health and therefore reduces gut oxygen consumption, therefore increases oxygen availability to the birds. This is a hypothesis and it needs a controlled experiment to confirm it.
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Ali Beker Ali Beker
Animal Nutritionist
April 14, 2021
I agree with Yusuf, I don't think there is a medication developed so far for Ascites treatment. Our previous study suggested that managing the concentration of oxygen in the brooding, rearing as well as laying houses through proper management practices such as adequate ventilation, litter management, temperature control, feeding of balanced diets, etc. will significantly reduce the incidence.
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April 15, 2021
Thank you so much
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