Explore
Communities in English
Advertise on Engormix

Check out what is new in Mycotoxins

Find the best technical articles, forums, and videos on Mycotoxins at Engormix. Enter now and interact with the world's largest agricultural social network.
Explore all topics
Tony Mcdougal, a freelance journalist, once wrote in Poultry World, "The rising demand for eggs, meat, and milk in recent decades has driven higher EU imports of grains and cereals from developing countries with more tropical climates, where the occurrence of mycotoxins is higher—thus raising the prevalence of mycotoxins in EU...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
In the realm of food safety, mycotoxins present a significant challenge to manufacturers, processors, and regulatory bodies alike. These toxic compounds, produced by certain fungi under specific environmental conditions, can contaminate various food and feed products, posing serious health risks to consumers and...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 1
INTRODUCTION Maize (Zea mays L.) is a staple food in many parts of the world including sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In Nigeria and some other West African countries, it is traditionally transformed by submerged fermentation to ogi – a complementary weaning food for infants and young children, convenient food for the sick, convalescent and elderly or quick breakfast mostly for those living in rural areas characterized by low income (Onyekwere et al., 1989; Steinkraus,...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Ting Zhou
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Introduction Modern maize, belonging to the genus Zea, was domesticated in southern Mexico 9000 years ago from wild, annual tropical grasses called teosintes, with the primary ancestor being Parviglumis (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis) which survives today in the wild (Matsuoka et al., 2002). There are additional species of teosintes that continue to grow in the wild in Mexico and Central America including the perennial Zea diploperennis (Iltis and Doebley, 1980). Following its...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Featured users in #Mycotoxins
Siska Croubels
Siska Croubels
Ghent University
Ghent University
Belgium
gary reznik
gary reznik
Devenish Nutrition
Devenish Nutrition
Director, New Product Discovery and Development
United States
Dr. Arnau Vidal
Dr. Arnau Vidal
Innovad
Innovad

Bélgica
Carlos A. Mallmann
Carlos A. Mallmann
LAMIC - LABORATORY OF MYCOTOXICOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
LAMIC - LABORATORY OF MYCOTOXICOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
Brazil
Virginie Marquis
Virginie Marquis
Phileo by Lesaffre
Phileo by Lesaffre
France
In 2023 mycotoxins semiannual survey, Life Rainbow Biotech randomly collected 152 feed samples of raw materials and feed mills in farms and analyzed. The samples were tested for aflatoxins (B1, B2, G1, and G2), zearalenone, fumonisins (B1, B2, and B3), and deoxynivalenol (DON) by the ELISA Mycotoxin analysis kit. Contamination in animal feed 152 feed samples collected, and 77% were contaminated with fumonisins ( table 1 ). The maximum concentrations of aflatoxins,...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Immunoaffinity columns to detect mycotoxins
Explore the world of mycotoxin detection with Colin Lee, VICAM Canada Sales Representative, as he sheds light on the innovative use of immunoaffinity columns...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Lukasz Zielonka
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn (UWM)
INTRODUCTION Mycotoxins are substances that occur naturally in the environment (1, 2). In addition to mycoestrogens such as zearalenone (3, 4), selected trichothecenes, including DON and/or its metabolites (but in vitro), can affect steroidogenesis (2) and changes in gene expression, which suggests that these compounds could disrupt hormonal homeostasis (1). Deoxynivalenol (DON), a polar organic compound produced mainly by Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium culmorum (5), is...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Exploring mycotoxin testing methodologies
Join Colin Lee, VICAM Canada Sales Representative, as he delves into the intricate methodologies utilized by Canadian laboratories for comprehensive mycotoxin testing. Also, he points out the benefits of Vicam’s Immunoaffinity Columns...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi, the most abundant of which belong to the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Fusarium . The conditions required for fungal development and the production of mycotoxins vary strongly with the substrate on which the fungal species develop.Because mycotoxins are mainly present in food and feed, the gut is the first target for mycotoxin toxicity, but it is also the site of the absorption of mycotoxins that leads to...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 1
Mycotoxins are produced by fungi and can lead to sickness in humans and animals, which explains why testing for them in crops, feeds, and food products is so important and is often a regulatory and customer requirement. Fortunately, testing technologies have evolved from slow, tedious, and complicated to smart, fast, and data connected. Tests vary in their performance capabilities and suitability for field, process, or lab environments. With a number of different options, you may be...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Deependra Paneru
University of Georgia
Deependra Paneru (University of Georgia)      An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of subclinical mycotoxin exposure on the growth performance and immune cell dynamics in pullets exposed to coccidiosis. Using a 2x2 factorial design, a total of 288 four-week-old Hy-Line W36 pullets were randomly allocated to four treatment groups, each containing six replicated cages with 12 birds. The experimental groups were exposed to either...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
INTRODUCTION Durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) is the most widespread crop in the Mediterranean area. Sixty-seven percent of the Italian production of durum wheat comes from the Southern regions and it is used mainly for producing pasta (Fagnano et al., 2012). Quaranta et al. (2010) confirmed the importance of environmental local conditions in driving mycotoxin contamination in durum wheat. They reported that Southern Italy is an area particularly suitable for producing high...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Dilantha Fernando
University of Manitoba
INTRODUCTION Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe [teleomorph: Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch], is an economically important disease of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) that has resulted in massive commercial losses (Wilson et al., 2018). F. graminearum is capable of producing multiple, type B trichothecene mycotoxins [Deoxynivalenol (DON), 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3ADON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15ADON), nivalenol (NIV), and 4-acetylnivalenol (4-ANIV)],...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Regiane R. Santos
Schothorst Feed Research
INTRODUCTION Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by different fungal species, Fusarium being responsible for most contamination of feedstuffs in the field. Among more than 400 identified mycotoxins, deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) are of most concern for the pig industry. Pigs are very sensitive to both DON and ZEN. When acute dietary exposure occurs, DON can lead to vomiting and feed refusal (1), whereas ZEN has oestrogenic effects (2). However, in practice, acute...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
HJ (Ine) van der Fels-Klerx
Wageningen University & Research
INTRODUCTION Maize (Zea mays) is one of the main sources for food and feed production in the world (Chulze, 2010). In 2017, more than 197 million hectares were grown with maize worldwide resulting in production yield of 1.13 billion tons of maize (FAOSTAT, 2020). Ensuring the quality and safety of maize for feed and food production is essential. One of the major quality and safety concerns is infection of the maize plants with fungi and the contamination of maize kernels with...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Natalie Morgan
Natalie Morgan and 4 more
University of New England
I. INTRODUCTION The quality of poultry feed and litter are important for maintaining and improving poultry production. Poultry feed (raw materials and formulated diet) is highly variable and large safety margins are needed to buffer the nutritional variability in feed ingredients when formulating diets (Moss et al., 2021). Feed ingredients delivered to feed mills are not comprehensively analysed using current methods (i.e., wet-chemistry and NIR). This is because the large quantities...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 1
Deoxynivalenol (DON; vomitoxin) is a trichothecene mycotoxin that is produced by Fusarium graminearum and is prevalently found in grains such as wheat, corn, barley and their by-products. DON mainly affects the health of monogastric animals, particularly pigs and poultry, through contaminated feedstuffs. Animal study ...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
INTRODUCTION For manufacturers and retailers across an expanding spectrum of market and industry sectors, the level of bisphenol A (BPA) in the products they make or sell is becoming not only an increasingly important measure of their commitment to consumer and environmental health and safety, but also a major compliance issue. An estrogen-like chemical that can interfere with hormonal function, BPA has long been a key component of the polycarbonate polymers and epoxy resins used to...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Ana María Butrón
CSIC
INTRODUCTION Fusarium verticillioides has long been known to be a causal agent of maize ear rot but has received more attention since the discovery that fumonisins, the mycotoxins it produces, can accumulate in maize kernels (Gelderblom et al., 1988). Fumonisin consumption can lead to serious disorders in humans and animals; for example, leukoencephalomalacia in horses and pulmonary edema in swine, both are accompanied by injuries to the liver and heart; hepatic necrosis and,...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
Manuel Gómez Pallares
Universidad de Valladolid
1. Introduction Mycotoxins are naturally occurring secondary metabolites produced by various genera of molds, such as Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, and Alternaria. About 400 mycotoxins have been identified, with some of the most important ones being aflatoxins B1 (AFB1), aflatoxin B2 (AFB2), Ochratoxin (OTA), and deoxynivalenol (DON) [1]. The consumption of mycotoxin-contaminated foods can have serious health consequences, being potentially fatal, depending on the specific...
Comments : 0
Recommendations: 0
12345...14
Join Engormix and be part of the largest agribusiness social network in the world.