Repeated isolation of virulent Newcastle disease viruses in poultry and captive non-poultry avian species in Pakistan from 2011 to 2016
Abdul Wajid 1,2; Kiril M. Dimitrov 3; Muhammad Wasim 1; Shafqat Fatima Rehmani 2; Asma Basharat 2; Tasra Bibi 2; Saima Arif 2; Tahir Yaqub 4; Muhammad Tayyab 1; Mustafa Ababneh 5; Poonam Sharma 3; Patti J. Miller 3; Claudio L. Afonso 3.
1. IntroductionNewcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious and fatal disease affecting poultry and a wide range of wild birds worldwide that is caused by infections with virulent strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) (Miller et al., 2010; Dimitrov et al., 2016c). Recently, the International Committee On Taxonomy of Viruses amended the taxonomy of genus Avulavirus of the Paramyxoviridae family...