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Vent pecking in Broilers

Vent pecking in Broilers - Miscellaneous
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Dr. Rahul Hardas
Veterinary Doctor
Date: March 10, 2012
Discussion created on 03/10/2012

Vent pecking is seen in 30 day old broiler birds in the farm refer as Cannibalism. Cannibalistic behavior performed by poultry is the pecking, tearing and consuming of skin, tissues, the case i met with birds have started pecking cloaca l region in some case intestine it is to harsh that intestinal loop drop outside through wound. However, this problem has been a consistent problem in layers but can also be encountered in broilers as i do. The I.B.D has been ruled out by P.M examination here and the bird are medicated with a salt solution as Cannibalism has been linked to deficiencies in protein, sodium and phosphorus, with increase in number of drinkers and feeders also supplied with Vit C as a stress reliever as the high temperature might be a cause of problem.

Please throw light on this topic so that it is efficiently deal with.

Dr. Rahul Hardas
Veterinary Doctor
Sushil Chandra Sushil Chandra
Master in Poultry Nutrition 1975
September 12, 2020
As Previously suggested
Try as Under:-
1.Avoid over crowding
2.spread some red-coloured tiny 1 inch long grass sized papers on the littre to distract birds from pecking
3.Check salt content of the feed it is very low
4.Pecked and affected bird should be isolated as soon as seen in the shed and treated--apply neem oil on affected area


Above will certainely help to reduce the problem

Dr S Chandra
Pune India

Reply
Sushil Chandra Sushil Chandra
Master in Poultry Nutrition 1975
September 24, 2020
Same comments and advise try out and have your observations
Regards
Drchandra
Reply
Sushil Chandra Sushil Chandra
Master in Poultry Nutrition 1975
September 25, 2020
Theoretically every body’s point of view is ok
But practically apply implement my practical advise and see results ur self
Thanks
Regards
Dr Chandra
Reply
Emad Elgazzar Emad Elgazzar
MASTER and PHD degree in microbiology
September 27, 2020
General causes of Vent pecking in BROILERS Vent pecking in Broilers is rare but could be happened in some circumstances such as
1-High and very high density at cubic meter in high density and high automated programmed as In U.S.A 45KGc.|m---BUT IN other countries less automated density reach 25-35kg|c.m i.e 20birds|m ---high crowded cause these
2-feed-rashan not balanced deficiency of protein or low quality proteins
3-feed deficiency of minerals and other ingredients as f.a etc
4-excessive noisy excessive lighting programs -(no darkness programs)
The solutions
1-decrease capacity 2- FEED be balanced with good quality ingredients 3-Add minerals mixtures 4- Darkness for 1-2 hours|days with decrease lux\of light
5- some times we colored the lambs with blue colored
Reply
September 28, 2020
Dr. Sushil Chandra,,



Cannibalism in poultry has been identified due to mineral nutritional deficiency/imbalance, it is required to check up Serum bioavailability of minerals what is fed to birds. We have done Serum Bioavailability studies with our Organic minerals which we are marketing consist of 77 – Organic minerals (v/s Inorganic and Inorganic Chelated which consists of only 7 – 8 minerals ). Serum profile is the highest with 77 – organic minerals v/s all other mineral forms tried in Calcium. Copper, Cobalt, Zinc, Iron.



77 Organic minerals in our formulation support & catalyze enzyme function, protein digestion, metabolism. It is important to choose high quality 100% bioavailable minerals for poultry performance.



We have not come across any case of vent pecking in Broilers/Layers fed with organic minerals. Please feed Organic minerals and your problem will be solved and you will get better growth, FCR and early maturity.


An additional cause of Vent pecking could be infected litter which could infect the cloacal opening, infection from litter may travel to GI tract by reverse peristalsis causes irritation - leading to redness of cloacal opening and birds may pick at the Vent.


Use Litter Conditioner at rate of 10 Kg per 1000 Sq.ft. and lower pH of litter to 4 - 4.5, control TVC, E.coli upto 100%.


Healthy litter controls infection to Cloaca leading to NIL vent pecking.


Ideal would be both 77 Organic Minerals in feed or drinking water and Litter Conditioner for healthy farms.





Reply
Sushil Chandra Sushil Chandra
Master in Poultry Nutrition 1975
September 28, 2020
As i have already mentioned to avoid over crowding is possible way to reduce vent pecking
Bird which has been pecked should be isolated immediately and given suggested treatment
Follow what ever i have said before
Regards
Drchandra
Reply
October 6, 2020
Sushil Chandra please explained hatchery sanitation if you have to know?
Reply
Sushil Chandra Sushil Chandra
Master in Poultry Nutrition 1975
September 29, 2020
I have already shared my experience and views
In addition if it is climate control shed , one can shift 50% birds to other shed to reduce over crowding
Check salt content in feed
During brooding period from 1 to 4 week
Brooder house lights are on during night
Regards
Dr chandra
Reply
October 6, 2020
Sir I hope the formulation of feed imbalance of protin& salt ,.
Reply
Sushil Chandra Sushil Chandra
Master in Poultry Nutrition 1975
October 6, 2020

Sir i am not the right person to advise on hatchery sanitation.
Regards.

Reply
Narayan Banik Narayan Banik
M sc in tropical vet science
October 13, 2020
Vent picking may due more light intensity during brooding period.
Reply
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