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Coccidiosis in Chickens

Coccidiosis in poultry- a review

Published: June 8, 2010
Summary
Introduction Coccidiosis causes a great economic loss in the poultry industry due to high rate of morbidity and mortality, sub optimal growth and conversion efficiency and loss of egg production (1). Mortality is mostly marked in caecal form of the disease in young chicks whereas morbidity is well documented in the intestinal form of the disease in adult birds. Etiology The disease...
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Authors:
Dr. Amit Raj Gupta
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Puneet
Montajat Veterinary Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd.
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Dr.m.s.swami
8 de abril de 2022
Thanks a lot for valuable advise. Regards
Jose J. Bruzual
Aviagen
9 de abril de 2022

You can read my articles about coccidiosis in engormix (Coccidiosis control in broiler breeders with the use of vaccines: part one) or in www.aviagen.com

Emma Rosie
10 de abril de 2022

Is sulphate of ammonia (found at Bunnings/for gardening) the same as ammonia sulphate used to kill oocysts? Is there an estimated amount to use with the lime to kill the oocysts? Thanks, Emma

Zahed Abbasi
Toyoor Barekat co
12 de abril de 2022
Hi Emma Rosie: The chemical compound that kills oocyst is ammonia hence the hot water presumably only washed and removes the oocyst from the ground of the house , and lime itself has no any effect on the oocyst as other disinfectant . If you be able to use detergent while you are washing house whit hot water it removes more better oocyst from the house but you must be sure that the reminder of washing goes out of your house . Reducing the oocyst dense in poultry house must be fulfilment by coccidiosis prevention strategy by using coccidiostat drug or by using vaccine to be able to control the outcome of coccidiosis.
Bouayad Fouad
20 de mayo de 2022

Quicklime has no effect on its own but it's the slaked lime meter of water after spreading the quicklime that burns the soil and kills the oocysts. Or very simply use a blowtorch to burn the entire surface of the ground

Paul Bogdan Luca
4 de julio de 2022
Zahed AbbasiHi, The best way to reduce oocyst is to burn the floor of the poultry house and one meter the side walls. I used this method especially for broilers. There is also disinfectant NEOPREDISAN which administered on the floor of the house destroys the oocysts.very well.
John
6 de noviembre de 2022
Paul Bogdan Luca what do you use to burn the floor, or how is it done?
Zahed Abbasi
Toyoor Barekat co
12 de abril de 2022
Hi Amanat ullah: What you are talking about in breeder (Broiler or Layer) will occur in some flocks the reasons may as follow : 1- vaccination management must be done in first week age it needs 3-4 times to recycle to induce good and enough immunity , the litter must have good humidity that vaccine oocyst be able to continue the the cycle . the litter space not be change until 4 weeks . 2- Try to have good quality litter to have natural challenge in rearing period . 3- Bioshuttel program in rearing period to induce enough immunity . 4- If rearing and production house are separate you can reduce oocyst intensity in poultry house by good cleaning and preparing for production period . if the house is the same for rearing and production period you can use anti coccidiosis synthetic drug like amprolium or diclazuril in feed but not to use unifor drug in feed.
Emma Rosie
14 de abril de 2022
Thanks for everybody’s info. I have sourced ammonia sulphate and lime. Does anyone know how much to use and if in liquid fertiser or sprinkled on? Thanks
Salihu Ahmed
18 de abril de 2022
Good one sir. When using anti coccidia product in feed how long do I use it and is there suppose to be a break thank you
Salihu Ahmed
18 de abril de 2022
When using an anti coccidia product in feed how long am I suppose to use it thanks.
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu
Elanco
19 de abril de 2022
Salihu Ahmed depending on which coccidiostat are you using. There are coccidiostats with zero day withdrawal and those can be used from day 1 until slaughter age. For the other coccidiostats with withdrawal period, you follow the indicated period of time. Anyway, you always follow the prospect of the product, you have all the info you need there. At a simple google search you find all the coccidiostats available on the market and the dosage and administration for each. If you know what product you have, I can tell you if there is withdrawal period or not, but also depend probably on your country/region regulation.
Bilawal haseeb
Islamabad Group
26 de abril de 2022
Gabriela Barbeli-Petukindly guide me about if any interference between killed vaccine and MDA of ND in broilers like IBD MDA?
Bilawal haseeb
Islamabad Group
26 de abril de 2022
Gabriela Barbeli-PetuVaccinating broiler with H9 inactivated vaccine in the presence of high H9 MDA have beneficial or no?
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu
Elanco
26 de abril de 2022
Bilawal haseeb, hi, sorry, I don't have experience in cocci vaccines, only with coccidiostats.
Bilawal haseeb
Islamabad Group
26 de abril de 2022
Gabriela Barbeli-Petuok thanks
Dr Kotaiah Talapaneni
Indbro Research & Breeding Farms
26 de abril de 2022

Bilawal haseeb,,
Coccidia are spore forming. They are everywhere.
Germinate and damage intestines while they multiply when the temperature and humidity is right.
You are just lucky your flock has not got in to coccidiosis.
Sand bedding is not foolproof.
Be watchful
I also will try and experiment
Dr.kotaiah

Surinder Maini
27 de abril de 2022
Dr Kotaiah Talapaneni Kotaiah Sir, the oocycts of coccidia do sporolate, when the conditions are right, but they don’t really form spores like the probiotic organism do, the formation of spore n the process of sporulation are two different events
Dr Charles Ibe
3 de mayo de 2022
Surinder Maini Brilliant
Pavel Melnikov
31 de octubre de 2022
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu Which coccidiostats have a zero withdrawal period?
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu
Elanco
31 de octubre de 2022

Pavel Melnikov, zero day withdrawal coccidiostats in EU are Maxiban, Monteban, Sacox, Coxiril, Clinacox and Monimax as far as I know.

Pavel Melnikov
31 de octubre de 2022
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu As far as I know (30 years now), ionophores 5 days, anything containing nikarbazine at least 9 days
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu
Elanco
31 de octubre de 2022
Pavel Melnikov, those I mentioned have zero WD for sure, I work for a company that produces some of them, I know what I'm saying. I was not sure if there are more with 0 WD. Withdrawal periods were reviewed for those coccidiostats years ago. However, all the informations regarding coccidiostats specifications are just a click away if you wish to check. For exemple - NOAH Compendium. https://www.noahcompendium.co.uk/
Pavel Melnikov
31 de octubre de 2022
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu Exactly! Revised a few years ago! Does that mean that 15 years ago WD was there, and a few years ago it magically disappeared? )))) And yet, any lab analysis will show quite high levels in broiler products.
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu
Elanco
31 de octubre de 2022
Pavel Melnikov, I just say the facts, there is no magic involved ??, just scientific conclusions- levels are in the sate limits, not because I say so, but because the authorities approved those levels. The reality in the practice is that most of the broiler producers choose to withdraw the coccidiostats sooner or later depending on the costs of the feed which are very high now, as we all know.
Pavel Melnikov
1 de noviembre de 2022
Gabriela Barbeli-Petu Yes, I agree with you.The resistance of eimerias develops, sooner or later we will have to look for something else. Also, not all countries agree with the conclusions of EFSA.
Beverly Chinonye Okpalugo
20 de abril de 2022

Coccidiosis management is achieved not through vaccination but through litter selection. If sand is used as litter and kept clean and dry-it's 100% goodbye to coccidiosis.

Pavel Melnikov
3 de mayo de 2022
Beverly Chinonye Okpalugo if you have practical proof of your claim regarding sand litter, I would be grateful if you could share your experience.
Martin Smith
Evonik Animal Nutrition
4 de mayo de 2022
Beverly Chinonye Okpalugo Coccidial organisms are prevalent in all environments. Using sand as a bedding is no guarantee of freedom of infection; to state otherwise is misleading. To reduce the risk of coccidiosis requires excellent hygiene, good biosecurity, and then implementation of a treatment strategy that can include both coccidiostats and anti-coccidial vaccines. Coccidiosis probably causes more financial loss to the poultry industry than any other infection. MPS
Beverly Chinonye Okpalugo
3 de junio de 2022
Martin Smith good day,my greatest proof is my birds. I started with 254 day old Isa brown layers, I lost only 5 birds. Now at 28 weeks peak production I get 240 eggs a day. I never gave any vaccination except fowl pox at 6 weeks and 3 in 1 vaccine at 16 weeks(nd+EDs+IB) I practice extreme biosecurity, and thoroughly clean my sand litter everyday. Infact let me give you another secret, if you start giving your birds Apple cider vinegar from day one, twice every week, you will never have coccidioisis in your flock, I never have. Infact at peak production I was at 97.8 percent production and I always have a mortality of less than 2percent. Which other proof is there if all my birds are alive and laying?
Dr Charles Ibe
8 de junio de 2022
Beverly Chinonye Okpalugo This is subject for further proofs
Dr Humphrey Mbugua
29 de abril de 2023
Pavel Melnik I have used sand as litter in Mombasa,Kenya and was effective,however all hygiene protocals have to be observed
Pavel Melnikov
MVService
3 de julio de 2023
Dr Humphrey Mbugua I've been to Mombasa...
Beverly Chinonye Okpalugo
3 de julio de 2023
Dr Humphrey Mbugua thank you, thank God one person understands. Yes daily cleaning of sand as litter with very good biosecurity.
Pavel Melnikov
4 de julio de 2023
Beverly Chinonye Okpalugo Are you serious? A daily cleanse? How many chickens do you have?
Beverly Chinonye Okpalugo
4 de julio de 2023
Pavel Melnikovcleaning not cleanse .Simple cleaning by sweeping with a broom to remove poop which i bag and sell to crop farmers for fertilizer at a very good price bc it doesn't contain wood shavings.i have 500 laying birds and 500 pullets
Dr Kotaiah Talapaneni
Indbro Research & Breeding Farms
22 de abril de 2022
Vaccine should be foolproof. If we have to use coccidiostats on bioshuttle program for which we are tuned for ages, then why spend money on vaccine? Amy way birds develop life long immunity once exposed.
Jose J. Bruzual
Aviagen
3 de julio de 2023

Dr Kotaiah Talapanen, sadly the cocci vaccine is not foolproof with the current vaccines. A lot of management is necessary.

Emma Rosie
22 de abril de 2022
Sorry are you saying to get the vaccine or just stock with chicken Starter feed which Has coccidiostats? Thanks
Salihu Ahmed
22 de abril de 2022
Emma Rosie l meant starter chick mash with coccidiostat in it
dan hofer
24 de abril de 2022
Hello everyone any of u experienced bird flu in your flocks
Salihu Ahmed
24 de abril de 2022
dan hofer yes I did experience bird flu in my flock early this year
dan hofer
24 de abril de 2022
Where are the birds dying
dan hofer
24 de abril de 2022
Salihu Ahmed According to CiFA we got birds flew in our flock but the birds aren’t dying I do not understand
Salihu Ahmed
25 de abril de 2022
dan hofer good morning sir in my case there were mortalities and finally we had to cull the birds
Dr Kotaiah Talapaneni
Indbro Research & Breeding Farms
25 de abril de 2022
Coccidiosis can become serious of medication is started late. Generally responds well for treatment. The surviving birds look dull but will come back to normal activity and weight very fast. Removal of total flock is not warranted at all
Muhammad Salman Akram
Sis chemicals
3 de mayo de 2022

Coccidiosis is responsible for immunosuppression in the host. With the property of anti-diarrhea and anti-inflammatory, CURCUMIN
is expected to be an alternative for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in particular and general gastrointestinal disease
in chickens, Eimeria maxima infection in broiler, weight gain, feed efficiency and also reduce mortality.

BAWINDSOMDE OUEDRAOGO
25 de mayo de 2022
Hi everyone, Doctor, Thank you for the brilliant article. Allow me please My current question is: The right way to control coccidiosis is vaccine or shuttle program or again both treatment suit very well regarding layers and broilers? Regards
Zahed Abbasi
Toyoor Barekat co
25 de mayo de 2022
Hi :BAWINDSOMDE OUEDRAOGO: The main goal is inducing immunity against coccidiosis ,and it can be done by 3 ways . 1- Using coccidiostat in feed according to two program shuttle or rotation . 2- Vaccination against coccidia . 3-Combination of vaccination and shuttle program as BIOSHUTTLE program . Using each one depends on which kind of poultry and housing you are used . for example in pullet production for layer in cage system , may not ne used . if rearing period is in litter and production is in cage it is necessary to use coccidiostat in feed in rearing period to prevent it rearing . In breeder flock (broiler or layer ) using combination of vaccination and coccidiostst (BIOSHUTTLE ) is more effective than using coccidiostst only . In broiler because the time is short and inducing immunity needs 3-4 week to be enough and preventive hence coccidiostats may be more effective in control and preventing .
Hamid Reza Fallah
6 de junio de 2022
Zahed Abbasi Thank you for your useful information Dear Dr.Abbasi
BAWINDSOMDE OUEDRAOGO
26 de mayo de 2022
Dear Zahed Abassi, It is a great pleasure to read from you. As the old saying goes : I can see clearly now. Congrats. Thank you and greetings from Burkina Faso
Samuel Afamefuna Eze
7 de junio de 2022
Thank you for this great piece. I will like to ask; is there a vaccination schedule for coccidiosis and if yes when can this be?
Dr Charles Ibe
7 de junio de 2022

Samuel Afamefuna Eze it is on manufacturer's specifications. But take cognizance that most lethal strains of cocci strikes at three weeks on the earliest. Then the combination of the strains in the vaccines should anchor on the strains within the environment. In Nigeria E.tenella that causes caecal coccidiosis is the most prolific strain. Please the timing of vaccinations should be on post hatch rather than post arrival. This is the problem in some climes when baby chicks arrive on farms almost two to three days post hatch. My brother Afam Eze. Long time!!

Samuel Afamefuna Eze
7 de junio de 2022
Dr Charles Ibe, I can really see better now from your explanations. Thank you very much Sir, I greatly appreciate.
Martin Smith
Evonik Animal Nutrition
11 de junio de 2022
As Dr Ibe states, identifying the type of Eimeria can help with planning control, both prevention and treatment. Tools like ScreenFloX will help in this regard. This tool does, however, require a veterinary laboratory equipped with PCR analysis technology. MPS
Frederick Musoke
30 de junio de 2022
Thanks everyone for this brilliant discussion and analysis; The information shared will go a long way in protecting our flocks from this deadly killer Sometimes the farm can be infected with both coccidiosis and respiratory infection and you find dead birds with mucus in the system Can someone explain to me how you prioritise the treatment plan and how tell whether the death is from coccidiosis or respiratory infection? Thanks Fredrick Musoke from Uganda
John
7 de septiembre de 2022
What is ideal humidity ?
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