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Layer chicken Loose/Watery mucoid droppings

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Dr. Meesam Raza
Consultant
Date: August 9, 2019
Discussion created on 08/09/2019

The problem of loose dropping is common in layer chickens and it is often regarded as bacterial enteritis/dysbacteriosis. Apart from coccidiosis, what are the practical field observations that a poultry veterinarian encounters?

It can be discussed here with the causes and treatment, including the management practices that have been observed and practiced. How Dysbacteriosis and Bacterial enteritis differ in the clinical outcome? What is your Observation?

Dr. Meesam Raza
Poultry Consultant, PhD- Poultry Science
May 6, 2020
As a result of layer hen took more water this induced watery drooping
Reply
July 12, 2020
my flock 53 weeks running is suffering from watery droppings since last 20 days. I didn't get any good result with use vinegar through water
Reply
Kasame Trakullerswilai Kasame Trakullerswilai
Bacheler of Veterinary Medicine
July 12, 2020
if you open the intestine that could be better suggestion ,
many factors can produce this sign.
make a better environment ,level chlorine in water,feed factors and checking protozoa ,virus and bacterial factors
Reply
June 17, 2021
Please what exactly should I use, my layers has been dropping loosed and watery droppings over 10 weeks, they are 21 weeks and yet to lay eggs, please I need your advice, thanks.
Reply
August 26, 2021
Glory Amarachi Ikeanya check the fibre content of your feed. Are you using bonded feeds in pelletized forms?
Reply
Kasame Trakullerswilai Kasame Trakullerswilai
Bacheler of Veterinary Medicine
June 18, 2021

might be heat stress and bacterial enteritis, coccidiosis.
Necropsy will help.

Reply
Dr. Md. Beplob Hossain(DVM, MS Medicine) Bangladesh Dr. Md. Beplob Hossain(DVM, MS Medicine) Bangladesh
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine(PSTU) & MS Medicine(HSTU)
August 5, 2021
Basically loose motion cause by infectious and Non infectious.
Infectious cause includes-
1. birds infected by salmonella & E.Coli, Clostridium spp with Pasteurella bacteria that vector source of Alkaline & iron containing water.Also source of wet litter in poultry & unclean feeder & drinker provide in longer time.
2. Virus (ND & IBD) may causes loose motion but here including high mortality
3. Rats carrying salmonella spp that flock affect salmonellsis causes loose motion.

Non infectious cause includes-
1. Feed formulation imbalance specially high fiber & protein content, Mycotoxin effects, high salt in feed.
2. Higher environment temperature causes heat stress ultimately increase water intake comparatively decrease feed intake or normal intake

Suggestions:
1. Use water sanitizer
2. Use Water PH containing Formic acid control coliform bacteria
3. In case birds rearing in litter, practices good quality litter management
4. High amonia control in shed using amonia reducer.
5. Use probiotic & prebiotic with Enzyme in feed.
6. Good quality feed ingredients use & provide balance ration.

Reply
August 26, 2021
Mine are 21 weeks they are on battery cage and their droppings sometimes comes as clear as water. more like water that chicken dropping. Because of that the Manure is always wet and difficult to mange.
Reply
Zahed Abbasi Zahed Abbasi
VETRINARIAN
August 28, 2021
In my experience loose/watery mucoid in layer chicken is often due to nutritional factors
1- structure of mash feed when it is not coarse and most the particles are fine the retention time in gizzard is short and cant be under acid and pepsin of proventriculus and gizzard ,hence protein
without change enters duodenum and not be digest by enzyme, pass through intestine will be used bye pathobionet bacteria in cecum they grow and result is imbalance microbiota , dysbiosis
and some time necrotic enteritis .
2- anti nutrient and biogenic amine du to low quality soybean mill (under high or low temperature) they alter microbiota balance in intestine and the result is dysbiosis .
3- Feed and water contamination by bacteria or viruses or mycotoxins .
Prevention and control : by making mash feed whit good structure , using pro and pre biotic in feed . disinfection in feed and water .
4- When dysbiosis is observed the treatment is am must by broad spectrum antibiotic especially effective on gram negative bacteria and clostridium like neomycin sulfate .
Reply
September 3, 2021
Which feed is the best for layers- mash or pellets?
Reply
Zahed Abbasi Zahed Abbasi
VETRINARIAN
September 4, 2021
Hi Dear Israel :
about using crumble or pellet feed to layer there is no any breeding company to recommendation to layer in production period because structure is formed from fine particle of feed and cant stay for long time in gizzard hence digestion cant be complete and the result is dysbiosis ,mortality and lose of production .
In rearing period they recommend to feed crumble for 4 week then change it to mash .
Reply
September 4, 2021
Zahed AbbasiYou are on the spot!
Reply
September 14, 2021
Zahed Abbasi thankd
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