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Transition period in dairy cattle

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Jose Santos
Jose Santos and 1 more
University of Florida
Dairy cows are truly remarkable creatures. Consider the rapid transformation of a modern Holstein cow, going from zero to producing as many as 50 kilograms of energy-corrected milk per day in just 3 to 4 weeks of lactation. Such incredible production demands dynamic and integrated adaptations in multiple tissues to cope with...
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Post-calving care for cattle is a critical phase in dairy farming that significantly impacts the health and productivity of both cows and their offspring. Proper care during this period is essential to ensure a smooth transition from pregnancy to lactation and to prevent potential complications. In this article, we will delve into the key aspects of post-calving care for cattle and why it is of utmost importance. Understanding the Significance of Post-Calving Care Calving...
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Animal Nutrition Conference of Canada 2024
May 14, 2024
Canada - Manitoba - Winnipeg
I opened my own farm last year in North India. I have a herd of 150 HF cows and I bought all the cows in advanced pregnancy stages. I had good results in calving and milk. Then we started the AI of them as per the normal practice i.e. as per the visible heat and also used synchronization using protocols based on receptals. Now I have 10 cows which are not getting pregnant and are almost at the point of being dry. So neither I can sell them (nobody would buy them)...
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Ryan Ordway
Balchem Animal Nutrition
Choline in transition cow nutrition
Dr. Ryan Ordway, Global Director of Strategic Accounts at Balchem, speaks about the new developments and studies in transition cow nutrition ...
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Michael A. Steele
Poultry Health Research Network
Introduction Bovine colostrum is largely known for its crucial role in providing the newborn dairy calf with immunoglobulin G (IgG) to establish passive immunity. However, IgG is only one of numerous colostral bioactive compounds – including hormones, fatty acids, and sialylated oligosaccharides (OS) – that have an unrealized potential to positively stimulate calf development (Fischer-Tlustos et al., 2021). In contrast to IgG, many of these bioactive factors...
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This passage provides an overview of the concept of Metabolic Inflammation (MI) in dairy cattle during the first several weeks of lactation. It explains that inflammation is an important physiological response, but when it persists for a long time, it can lead to negative effects on animal health and productivity. The passage also notes that there is still much to be learned about the causes and consequences of Metabolic Inflammation (Mi) in dairy cattle, and that further research is needed...
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Livestock Sector occupies a unique position in the socio-economic development of the country. It also plays important role in the rural economy as supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural population, particularly among the landless laborers, small and marginal farmers and women. 30-35 million rural populations is engaged in livestock raising, having household holdings of 2-3 cattle/ buffalo and 5-6 sheep/ goat per family which help them to...
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Balchem is committed to making the world a healthier place by delivering trusted, innovative and science-based solutions for monogastrics, ruminants and companion animals. Visit our Booth C05 in Hall 23 and learn more about: Our new...
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Introduction The rise in milk production has been accompanied by increasing incidence of health problems, declining ability to reproduce and declining the fertility of modern dairy cows. The transition from late gestation to early lactation is viewed as one of the most challenging elements of the production cycle. Perhaps the most important physiological change occurring during this period is the decrease in dry matter intake around...
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Renee Maxine Petri
University Saskatchewan
Introduction Gut health is intrinsically linked with animal health, which in turn dictates cost efficient production. Animal health and productivity are intrinsically linked, as are gut health and animal health. In many diseases, diet is implicated as a contributing factor by having direct effects on host metabolism, immune responses, and microbiome composition, subsequently altering disease susceptibility (Plaizier et al. 2018). Gut health is defined...
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To maximize profitability in dairy farming, it is important to understand the different stages in the life cycle of a bovine and provide special attention during the stages which have the highest influence on productivity and return on investment. The 50-day transition period (20-day close up period and 30-day fresh animal period) is a critical stage, which can form the foundation for a successful and highly profitable lactation. ...
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Join us for one of our most exciting webinars to date! Thursday, March 31st, 2022 3:00-4:00 p.m. CEST (UTC+2) “Challenges of Assessing Choline...
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Real Science Exchange: NRC Series: Dry Cows, Calves and Heifers
In this video the authors focus on dry cows, calves and heifers....
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Michael A. Steele
Poultry Health Research Network
Introduction The nutritional management of young dairy calves can have both short- and long-term effects, from influencing morbidity and mortality rates (Urie et al., 2018a) to reproductive efficiency and first-lactation milk yield (Faber et al., 2005; Soberon et al., 2012; Gelsinger et al., 2015). Although major improvements in calf nutritional strategies have been made over the past decade, dairy calves continue to suffer from the highest rates of...
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Choline has long been considered an essential nutrient and has an identified requirement in most species, including humans. Though most can synthesize choline endogenously, it cannot be produced in sufficient quantity to satisfy the body’s requirements and must be...
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Stephen LeBlanc
Poultry Health Research Network
Introduction Dairy cows experience massive metabolic demands to support lactation. They adapt their metabolism to do so, including uncoupling of the somatotropic axis (Baumgard et al., 2017) with peripheral insulin resistance and increased lipolysis to fuel milk production. However, cows are challenged by a transient decrease in feed intake resulting in negative energy and protein balance in early lactation, and short-duration but substantial...
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Lauren Engelking
University of Alberta
Introduction Dairy cows are provided high allocations of grain following calving to meet high energy demands for milk production. However, increased grain consumption increases the flow of fermentable carbohydrates to the hindgut, increasing hindgut fermentation (Abdela, 2016). If excessive fermentation occurs, high osmotic pressure and a drop in pH induce inflammation and damage hindgut epithelial cells, thus increasing gut permeability and allowing...
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Introduction The transition period into lactation remains one of the most challenging and important phases of the production cycle in a dairy cow. It is a transient period around calving characterised by drastic changes in the hormonal status, 2 to 5-fold (Bradford, 2020) increases in nutrient demand and apportioning of 85% of body glucose to the mammary gland. Simultaneously, the requirement for specific fatty acids escalates by more than four times (Bell, 1995; McFadden and...
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Lance Baumgard
Lance Baumgard and 1 more
Iowa State University
Dairy cows alter their metabolic, hormonal, mineral, and immunological systems as they transition from pregnancy to lactation. Following parturition cows are unable to consume enough nutrients to meet the energetic demands of lactation (and maintenance costs) and as...
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