Protracted Breach of Biosecurity in Poultry Industry

Published on: 10/31/2011
Author/s : Bud Harmon (Animal Nutritionist, Brookside Agra, LLC)

There is a serious under appreciation for the severity by which darkling beetles (Alphitobius diaperinus) imperil the poultry industry.  Egg, broiler, and turkey producers are coming to the realization that darkling beetles in many areas of the United States are the greatest vector for transmitting avian diseases. For many years there was an on-going whimsical debate among poultry produc...

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Dr.D.Desinguraja Dr.D.Desinguraja
Animal Nutritionist
October 31, 2011
The article is providing the info that how Darkling beetles must be considered as a one of the vectors for transmit common poultry pathogens. The risk with darkling beetles is mainly transmit the diseases is of economic importance to the poultry industry. It cause severe and adverse economic impact so the diseases can be overlooked seriously or casually dismissed. Darkling beetles and their larvae are known to be main reservoirs of a many of viruses, bacteria (including Campylobacter), and protozoa. So as said in the article we need to maintain the good Bio security measures in the poultry house to control the same.Especially almost care to be taken in the cleaning of litter materials.
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Dr.B Barman Dr.B Barman
M.V.Sc in Vety Microbilogy, NET
November 1, 2011
The article is very nice. This is one of the emmerging problem. I am verymuch interseted to know how to overcome of the darkling beetle if the farm is heavlily infested with the same.
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November 1, 2011
Article is very descriptive and informative.Thanks to the author.I am also interested to know how to prevent derlling beetle from entering in to litter.This will help to improve the bio security.
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Ganesh Kumar Dahal Ganesh Kumar Dahal
Managing Director MDH Pharmaceuticals Pvt.Ltd.
November 1, 2011
Very enlightening article !
The Lesser mealworm or Darkling beetle ( Alphitobius diaperinus) and the Hide Beetle (Dermestes maculates), Adults and larvae of both species can become extremely abundant in poultry manure and litter. The large beetle populations may become a public nuisance at cleanout time because of adult migration from the fields where the manure is spread into nearby residential areas.
Both beetles can cause extensive damages:
? They feed on poultry feed stocks.
? They bore into structural materials.
? They are vector (transmitter) & serve as reservoir for several poultry disease pathogens.
? They may bite birds & damage skin of birds reducing carcass quality.
Most insecticide loses their effectiveness against beetles within days or few weeks after application and is also hazardous to poultry & care takers.
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Dr.m.suresh Dr.m.suresh
Veterinary Doctor
November 1, 2011
Its nice article.until now we think darkling beetlesis benefit to reduce fly population in a farm sector.I think your article differ this.Which beetles benefit to control fly larvae
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Dr. Arshaq A Ramzee Dr. Arshaq A Ramzee
Veterinary Doctor
November 2, 2011
Generally most farm managers concern about virus, bacteria, fungi, etc. and cover them well by disinfecting using various chemicals but most of the time they tend to forget about vectors, which are equally dangerous to spread disease. This is a good, informative article and author explained this important factor in disease control.
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Nadir Alloui Nadir Alloui
Veterinary Doctor
November 2, 2011

Dear Bud Amon

Thank you for your article. We conducted a research on Alphytobius diaperinus entitled : Importance of Alphytobius diaperinus (Panzer) as a reservoir for pathogenic bacteria in algerian broiler houses
Please consult the journal and give us your opinion: Veterinary World Vol. 3 (2): 71-73, 2010

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November 2, 2011
thank you . rouzbeh.fathi@yahoo.com
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Dr Jaydip Mulik Dr Jaydip Mulik
Master Of Veterinary Science & Master of Business Administration
November 3, 2011
Dear Mr. Dahal,

You have wonderfully explained the facts.

Regards,

Dr Jaydip ( M.V.Sc. DCT. Parasitology)
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Ganesh Kumar Dahal Ganesh Kumar Dahal
Managing Director MDH Pharmaceuticals Pvt.Ltd.
November 7, 2011
Thanks Dr.Jaydip,

Litter treatment with safe product wich can maintain litter pH below 3-4 pH will help to reduce problem of The Lesser mealworm or Darkling beetle as its life cycle will be hampered in low pH level of litter.

Alkaline materials, such as agricultural lime, hydrated or slaked lime, and burnt lime, increase the litter alkalinity and offers suitable environment for further increase of population of beetles and more over litter alkalinity also helps to convert more of the ammonium in the litter into ammonia gas.

Conventional practice of using materials such as agricultural lime (CaCO3), hydrated or slaked lime (Ca(OH)2), or burnt lime (CaO) increase litter alkalinity (to a pH greater than 7) which most of us are not aware of.
Reply
Dr Jaydip Mulik Dr Jaydip Mulik
Master Of Veterinary Science & Master of Business Administration
November 8, 2011
Dear Mr. Dahal,

Thanks for updates.


Regards,

Dr. Jaydip
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Dr Jaydip Mulik Dr Jaydip Mulik
Master Of Veterinary Science & Master of Business Administration
November 29, 2011
Dear Mr. Ganesh,

Let me know that if i have to control the Coccidial spores along with the Lesser mealworm or Darkling beetle ( Alphitobius diaperinus) and the Hide Beetle (Dermestes maculates), what line of treatment you will suggest?

As coocidial spores will be destroyed in alkaline medium peoples prefer to use different types of lime for terminal disinfection.

regards,

Dr Jaydip

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Hossien Mohammadzadeh kratei Hossien Mohammadzadeh kratei
Animal Nutritionist
September 8, 2019

Its good article..Thanks to the author. This will help to improve the biosecurity.

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September 9, 2022
Question- if you raise your own in a closed box system, is this still possible?
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Hilario P. Perez Hilario P. Perez
Businessman
September 9, 2022
This will help me in my poultry operations!Indeed biosecurity is vital and should be observed at all times. Thank you
Reply
Dr. SOGUNLE Olajide Mark Dr. SOGUNLE Olajide Mark
Ph.D., Non-Ruminants Production
September 12, 2022
Biosecurity is key to successful poultry production.
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