Negative Energy Balance

Forum: Negative Energy Balance. Consequences on Animal Production and Reproduction

Published on: 07/27/2011
Author/s : Dr.tadimeti Hanumanta (Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd.)
The period overlapping the end of late gestation and postpartum is the Peripartum / Transition Period, where the animal shifts from a Non-Lactating and Pregnant stage to a Lactating and Non-Pregnant stage. This transition period of a dairy cow comes along with many tags attached. One of these tags is a state of negative energy balance (NEB) which is the most critical with regards to the nutritiona...
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Tushar Kumar Mohanty Tushar Kumar Mohanty
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
July 27, 2011

Dear Dr. Hanumanta,

This is a nice article. We are trying to increase our productivity of animals through selective, crossbreeding and upgrading of animals. However, our farmers and dairy entrepreneurs lack knowledge on NEB aspect in detail. It is high time to educate all in these aspect to reduce loss due to Mastitis, metritis, as well as production loss due to metabolic diseases.

How to educate the farmers about these problems? Feed marketing people have a big responsibility to educate farmers, through literature and field trials.

Thank you.

Dr. T.K. Mohanty

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July 27, 2011

Dear Dr. Mohanty, 

I fully agree with you regarding the importance of extension education in establishing the concept of NEB amongst farmers and dairy entrepreneurs.

At Intas Animal Health, we have been continuously striving in this direction through our varied non-comercial activities both at the farmer front & also the Veterinarian front.

We would be glad to join hands with eminenet veterinarians like you in taking up more such non-commercial activities.

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star M Subhan Qureshi M Subhan Qureshi
Professor and Dean FAHVS, University of Agriculture, Peshawar-25120, Pakistan; Chief Organizer, Dairy Science Park
September 27, 2011

This article has reviewed the interaction of negative energy balance with health and fertility disorder in a systemic way; a good attempt to clarify the mechanism. Our studies on dairy buffaloes have suggested that low energy intake associated with poor body condition of buffaloes (BCS<2.75), may be a key factor for low reproductive efficiency in the animals. Improving the pre- and postpartum nutrition of such animals is likely to overcome the problem.Excess intake of crude protein, associated with increasing serum urea levels, may lead to delayed postpartum ovarian activity in Nili-Ravi buffaloes under field conditions.

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Suleman Shah Suleman Shah
Student
September 30, 2011

This is an important and informative article on NEB in dairy cattles because it relates NEB in dairy cattles to the overall performance of cattles in terms of production,reproduction,and health status of a cattle during NEB. It also describes the methods by wich an animal can be protected from the effects of NEB such as by feeding energy/proteins rich diet in lator part of second/third trimester of pregnancy,feeding of gluconeogenic precursor during peripartum period and a high level of drymatter and energy intake.

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star M Subhan Qureshi M Subhan Qureshi
Professor and Dean FAHVS, University of Agriculture, Peshawar-25120, Pakistan; Chief Organizer, Dairy Science Park
October 1, 2011
Well done Suleman; you have contributed to this discussion.
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Fida Muhammad Khan Fida Muhammad Khan
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, M.Phil
October 7, 2011

This article provides knoweledge about how to controll NEB to improve the productivity and reproduction of the animals. According to our previous lecture given by our faculty Dean, Prof, Dr M. Subhan Qureshi on NEB, our knoweledge about this topic increased by studying this articles. Thanks and appreciation to the author by doing such a great work.

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star M Subhan Qureshi M Subhan Qureshi
Professor and Dean FAHVS, University of Agriculture, Peshawar-25120, Pakistan; Chief Organizer, Dairy Science Park
October 7, 2011

Thanks Fida; of course NEB management would be essential for getting desired results in maintaining the animals fertile, healthy and productive. The whole process is regulated by the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal pathway, hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and the growth and lactation controlling mechanisms. The final out come is determined by the cell signalling of the remote organs coordinated by genes and genes products, prioritizing nutrients flows for various body functions. We as dairy scientists must understand these phenomenon and advise the farmers for adopting appropriate strategies, especially for managing highly productive animals under the local environmental, management and socio-economic conditions of the tropical regions.

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Muamber Shah Muamber Shah
Student
October 8, 2011

This article is very infomative about losess in production and reproduction due to NFB. This topic has been taught  by Prof.Dr. M.Subhan Qureshi and he also advised us to see the article in Engormix. Thanks to the author for such informative article and for sharing these topics for our information.

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January 27, 2012

We thanks for publishing this article. This is high time to educate our technical collegue regarding the NEB concept so that in turn message will go to masses- for Dairy farmers. A simple tool can improve instant productivity , inprovement in reproduction efficiency and timely conception increase economic stability of rural farmers,reduction in use of hormones in breeding indiscrimately saving huge money of poor farmers of globe. this will help to bring back farmer right back to farming and save earth by providing natural manure and energy.

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Aravinth Aravinth
Veterinary Doctor
February 9, 2012
The article gives good information. We see many animals with NEB and we as vet need to stress the effect of NEB to farmers and improve the productivity
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Marcello Corsini Marcello Corsini
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
February 28, 2013
Interesting article
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star Joe Magadi Joe Magadi
Manager
May 17, 2013
This is a very informative analysis of multifaceted nutritional and physiological interactions compelled on the transition cow in negative energy state. It is interesting you have highlighted the need for glucogenic supplementation during the transition period. This is something that we currently researching into in order to develop a product that will supply the correct elements of energy together with liver primers for the transition cow.
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