balanced ration for dairy animals

Forum: Balanced Ration for Dairy Animals

Published on: 07/03/2009
Author/s : Dr. Aamir Sharif Cheema, Veterinary Officer (Health) Incharge Governmnet Disease Disagnostic Laboratory
Pakistan is at number 4th among the top milk producing countries of the world, with an annual milk production of over 33 billion liters. The milk produced within the Pakistan is due to increased number of animals, not due to high yield of milk on animal basis. Very low production on per animal basis is due to malnutrition in our dairy animals. Provision of balanced ration containing supplements / ...
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July 3, 2009

This is really a good and timely article written by dr aamir Shatif about Balanced Ration for Dairy Animals.
we Pakistani claim that we are the 4th largest milk producer in the world. but who will believe our claim unless we satisfy the demand of milk of our own population.
We are highest no of large animals very close to sixty millions but per head productivity is only 6 liter/head.
one reason of low productivity is under feeding of these animals.
Though production potential of our animals is low and this question should also be addressed but while keeping our animals underfed we can not get even that potential which they already have. Giving enough feed is one thing while giving balanced feed is a step forward. The writer has addressed this case very nicely and this awareness among farmers community will help them in boosting production of their animals

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July 3, 2009

This is a very interesting article. I am a Dairy Nutritionist in Texas, USA and hearing about the feeding situations in other parts of the world is fascinating.

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July 3, 2009

Interesting article about Balanced Ration for Dairy Animals. In addition to the mineral and vitamins needs, energy and protein requirement of cattle should be understand to achieve high efficiency milk production.

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July 4, 2009

It is an eye opener for Pakistani farmers and even for Govt. Agencies working for dairy development. Since the fermers are not well educated, we all should spread this message to the farmer community as a duty being a Pakistani.

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Ganesh Kumar Dahal Ganesh Kumar Dahal
Managing Director MDH Pharmaceuticals Pvt.Ltd.
July 4, 2009

Good article about balanced ration for dairy animals !!

It is heartening to know that Pakistan has tremendous potential to increase milk production with little more effort on correction of balanced ration.

Malnutrition of animals is a common problem in countries like ours, where majority of farmers are economically poor and uneducated.

An extra effort to create awareness among dairy farmer and members of Development Planning Commission would help to boost milk production in underdevelopment countries.

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Ravinder Grewal Ravinder Grewal
Animal Nutritionist
July 4, 2009

For dairy animals feeding most important aspect is the quality roughage either green or silage or hay. We can not feed low quality roughage like wheat straw to high producing animals.

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Tushar Kumar Mohanty Tushar Kumar Mohanty
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
July 5, 2009

Dear Friends,

This is nice article about Balanced Ration for Dairy Animals. This is a major problem in small holding dairy farm in all developing countries including India.
We never calculate exactly what is the requrement in terms of Energy, Protein, concentrate to roughage ratio, mineral requirement of dairy animals. Such knowledge is required by the farmers also to roughly estimate the feed and fodder requirements.

We always talk about minimum requrements and we never talk about optimum requirement for maximising productivity.

The subclinical deficiency of of minerals causes productivity loss. However, clinical sysmptoms due to deficiency occures very late after subclinical deficiency.

So proper education about optimun requirement should be discussed so that we can prevent loss due to deficiency without clinical sysmptoms.


Thank You

Dr. T.K. Mohanty

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Arshaq Ramzee Arshaq Ramzee
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
July 6, 2009

Excellent work Dr. Aamir about Balanced Ration for Dairy Animals, why our animals are under achiever, we continue to tell the world that Nili-Ravi buffalo and Sahiwal cattle are best in the world but in the same article we mentioned about their milk production. Perhaps geographical and cultural circumstance in subcontinent played a role is developing genetic potential of these animals, any comments?

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July 7, 2009
Its very informative article by Dr. Amir....
Very useful for todays commercial farmers as its good turn of people towards commercial dairy farming... Want to add that Rumen Bypass Fat is also a good source of Fats for dairy cattle and even for fattening too...

Regards...

Asif Ali Jagirani
Pakistan
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GIAMPIERO NISTRI GIAMPIERO NISTRI
Animal Nutritionist
July 9, 2009
THE MAJOR ROLE IN RUMINANT FEEDING IS THE QUALITY OF FORAGE THEREFORE YOU HAVE TO CHECK NDF CONTENT IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH IN A RIGHT WAY THE INGESTION OF DRY MATTER FROM FORAGE. THE NDF CONTENT IS THE KEY POINT ON WHICH YOU CAN DETERMINE HOW THE CONCENTRATE HAS TO BE DONE.
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July 11, 2009

Very good article about Balanced Ration for Dairy Animals
From our experience try as undr:
Protein-20[percent]+
Fat3.5 to 4[percent]+
Fiber- 6 to 7[percent]
Ca-1 to 1.2[percent]
TDN75 [percent]Min
ME kcal/kg 2500
supplement with vit AD3 and Good quality MIn Mixture
give always TMR
ample of clean free flowing drinking water .
Pass the milch animal thru shower 5 minutes before milking during summer
observe 15to 20[percent] improve in milk yield

regards

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July 11, 2009
Veyr good article.

Biotin @ 6g per day, is known to increase the yield substantially..
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July 11, 2009

Article about Balanced Ration for Dairy Animals is good/I appreciate the suggestion and formuula given by Dr.S..chandra.
-Dr.S.S..Chousalkar,Mumbai,India

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July 13, 2009
Good and detail article.In a developing country like India,Pakistan financial status of farmer is average or below average.Organised dairy farming is very rare compared to the total cattle population.Mostly roughages along with small quantity of feed is given.Even green grass is fed only during particular season.Status of microflora also plays important role.Even after giving balanced diet what is the gaurantee that the nutrients will be properly digested and assimilated.Enzyme status should also be monitered.
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Parminder Singh Chawla Parminder Singh Chawla
Animal Nutritionist
July 13, 2009

The titleBalanced ration for Dairy Animals is very vast one. The article can not be completed by touching only minerals and vitamins. As already one of the comments signifies the importance of fodder. My point of view is before formulating ration, we should know types of animals wheather calves, heifers or miltch etc.,body weight of the animal, expected dry matter intake, types of available green and dry, quantity to be fed, available feed ingredients, their prices, fat and SNF content, then only concentrate is made and quantity to be fed is known. The article only touched two aspects more is expected in the future. good try. thanks.

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Dr Chandr  Shakhar Dr Chandr Shakhar
Specialist in Animal Nutrition
July 15, 2009

Dear Dr Amir,
Good Noon. Excellent article regarding basics of dairy ration.

Dr Chandra Shekhar
Key Accounts Manager
VAHL-INDIA

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Ben Kimoro Ben Kimoro
M. SC. Animal Science (Ruminant Nutrition)
July 24, 2009

Excellent article. I would like to get comments on the feeding standards being applied for the dairy animals in Pakistan. Milk production being also a function of genetics, are there any differences in milk production amongst the animals he has mentioned viz: Buffaloes, Camels and the Cattle between the regions where they are found? In Kenya we are yet to record milk production above 20 litres per day from the Camel (we have two distinct breeds based on ecological zones) and it would be of interest for me to know whether there differences in breeds so to speak!!

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MUNISH SHARMA MUNISH SHARMA
Specialist in Animal Nutrition
August 6, 2009
Its an excellant attempt .But many aspects are missing like role of By pass fat & By pass protien.These are very helpful in formulating balanced feed for Lactating and dry cow management.It has made huge difference in the average yield of milk in Punjab(India).
Other than this, role of Enzymes is very important in digestion ,absorption and assimilation of balanced diet.
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Dr Naveen Kumar Dr Naveen Kumar
Student
June 3, 2011

THANKS FOR ARTICLE. ALL ARE REQUESTED THE DISCUSS THE SNF PART IN DAIRY ANIMALS.
I WNAT TO KNOW THAT HOW PRACTICALLY WE CAN MAINTAIN THE SNF LEVEL IN MILK.
WHAT IS RLE OF MINERALS AND VITAMINS IN SNF MAINTANANCE.

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Habib Memon Habib Memon
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
April 16, 2013

I want feed formula for buffalo to maintain 14 litters of milk daily with weight of 500 kgs how is it possible?

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