I think that the best way is the prevention of the preharvest contamination. When you see the latest (4th) edition of Compendium of corn diseases, Aspergillus flavus was reclassified as mainly of field origin. From the Fusarium spp. this is not new. Most of the wheat and maize genotypes produce toxin contamination proportional with the visual severity, but a changing rate 10-20 % show overproduction or lower toxin rate, governed possibly by other mechanisms. As there are 10-fold or larger differences between genotypes, this can be used for restriction of the susceptible genotypes. This can significantly decrease the toxin pressure. A smaller toxin concentration can be neutralized with a much higher efficacy with a reducing method. When a consequent breeding program is made, you might have a very significant progress at low additional costs.
Greetings, and I wish you a successful application.
We would have to prevent our animal from fungus growth feed. It cause huge problem to milking animal .toxicity having harm effect on animal. We must use toxin binder on daily basis to prevent Rumen and intestinal toxicity
Agreed with Akos above.
After proposing preharvest interventions (https://doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.02528), the authors have taken the approach to improve feed quality (https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11100565). Both of these approaches were published in this forum. Regarding field fungus like Fusarium, similar preventive approaches need to be pursued. Downstream maintenance of value chain would further require maintenance of moisture to avoid insect infestation and nutrient losses. Even fortified foods/feeds lose nutrients at high moisture content. Until above approaches are used, mycotoxin absorbents should be continued.