Ahmed Elbestawy
Epidemiology of poultry diseases Poultry diseases diagnosis (PM, Different Laboratory Tests) Poultry diseases Prevention and Control Management and Boisecurity Vaccinology abd vaccine application
Article published the July 17, 2018
1. INTRODUCTION Avian nephritis virus (ANV) is an etiological agent of growth retardation of young chickens by causing interstitial nephritis (Imada et al., 1979). Antibodies against ANV have been found in chicken and turkey flocks in the UK and Japan, suggesting a broad distribution (Nicholas et al., 1988; Takase et al., 2000). It is originally considered to be a picornavirus, was later charact ...
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Article published the June 12, 2018
1. INTRODUCTION Avian influenza virus (AIV) infects different types of birds, including chickens, causing respiratory or systemic diseases that vary in severity and cause heavy losses to the poultry industry in the world (Goudrazi et al., 2013). This disease is caused by type A influenza virus that belong to family Orthomyxoviridae. To date, 18 H subtypes have been recognized (H1 to H18) and 11 N ...
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Article published the April 12, 2018
1. INTRODUCTION: Gallibacterium anatis is now considered to be an important bacterial disease responsible for decreased egg production in commercial layers, since it causes pathological changes in the reproductive tract and causes also respiratory manifestations in commercial broilers (Bojesen et al., 2003). Gallibacterium was recently established as a new genus within the family Pasteurellaceae ...
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Ahmed Elbestawy likes this technical article:
Findings Avian influenza virus (AIV) is a member of the Orthomyxoviridae family, Influenzavirus A genus. AIV is characterized by its ability to undergo constant antigenic changes [1]. AIV envelope contains two major glycoproteins, hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) [2]. The HA/NA proteins play a key role during cellular infection. Different HA/NA combinations allow AIV subtype discriminati ...
Ahmed Elbestawy likes this technical article:
  1. Introduction TLRs and their downstream signaling components are mostly conserved in chickens (Lillehoj and Li, 2004; Lynnet al., 2003; Philbin et al., 2005), except for TLR4 (Keestraand van Putten, 2008). In mammals, TLR4 is expressed in a variety of immune and non-immune cells (Arpaia et al.,2011; Tang et al., 2008). One of the well-characterized ligands that binds with TLR4 is LPS de ...
This member had joined Engormix
January 25, 2013
equalizer Statistics: Articles(3)
Location:Cairo, Al Qahirah, Egypt
Profile: Academic / scientific
Professional Title: PhD
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