Discussion created on August 23, 2016
Participation in Forum on July 11, 2016
My Dear Dr Rama Prasad Chakraborty
1. Total Dissolved Salts (TDS) or Total Soluble Salts (TSS) is expressed as parts per million (ppm) or milligrams per liter (mg/l) or micrograms per milliliters (µg/ml) ..... not in 'ppb'.
2. A TDS of "0 to 1000 ppm" is considered good for poultry.
3. A pH between 6.5 and 8.5 gives satisfactory performance in poultry.
4. For Total bacteria count (cfu/ml), an a ...
Participation in Forum on September 20, 2015
Respiratory signs and nasal discharge present.
Participation in Forum on June 24, 2015
After carefully looking at the given photo, please note:
1. The liver appearance and fragility more relate to autolysis rather than any disease.
2. The black colour of the intestines further supports putrefactive change rather than indicative of any disease.
Please study more cases in the same flock to declare it "EXTREMELY FRAGILE LIVER".
Participation in Forum on July 14, 2014
Sitting on hocks (photos-2 and 3) and hepatomegaly (photo-7) may be related to feed toxins. Feverish carcass (photo-6) suggesting an infectious disease. Mucoid diarrhoea (Photos-4 and 5) very similar to seen in Infectious bursal disease (in fact bursitis was there – my camera could not catch inflamed bursa during night time in-house photography). Haemorrhages in proventriculus (photo-8 ...
Photos published on July 14, 2014
1. Broiler chicks, 11-day-old, with heavy mortality
Participation in Forum on May 7, 2014
Iran situation of Avian Influenza viruses is well addressed in this article. However, H9N2 is a world-wide problem.
In Pakistan, H9N2 appears endemic since 1998. According to the author "the low pathogenic H9N2 are permanently circulating from 1998 to date in Iran". Chronologically, relating Iran H9N2 serotype origin from Pakistan H9N2 strains may be questionable. We need to quantify the magnitu ...
Participation in Forum on December 28, 2013
Field observations suggest that currently available vaccines and in practice vaccination programmes are unable to prevent field outbreaks. What is your experience?
Participation in Forum on July 1, 2013
Two nuclei under the two blood vessels in the right top corner of section appear suspicious. However, this H&E section does not contain adequate information for conclusive opinion.
Participation in Forum on December 1, 2012
It appears to be a male birds with both wattles swollen. Swelling has passed the acute phase. Such lesions are highly suggestive of Chronic Fowl Cholera. However, local injuries due to male fighting and infected with pyogenic bacteria needs to be excluded. I have also seen acute swelling of wattles in Avian Influenza (AI) but with high mortality (Chronic cholera cases are usually sporadic).