Article published the March 26, 2019
INTRODUCTION Aflatoxins belong to a group of mycotoxins produced as secondary metabolites by fungi of the Aspergillus genus, especially A. flavus, A. parasiticus and A. nomius (Kurtzman et al., 1987). No region of world escapes the problem of mycotoxins and according to Lawler and Lynch (2005) mycotoxin are estimated to affect as much as 20% of world’s crop each year. Crops grown under ...
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Article published the March 26, 2019
Poultry industry has emerged as the most dynamic and fastest expanding segment in animal husbandry sector with an annual growth rate of 6% in 1980's, 11% in 1990s, 19% in 1997-2002 and 6.2% during 2002-2006 in broiler chickens and 5-6% in egg production during this period in India. With an annual production (BAHS, 2010) of around 61.45 billion eggs (95.2% hen, 2.5% duck and 2.3% from other speci ...
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Article published the March 12, 2019
INTRODUCTION Aflatoxin causes severe economic losses to the poultry industry. Aflatoxicosis that occurs from ingesting aflatoxins is characterized in broiler chickens by decreased feed intake and growth rate, poor feed utilization and mortality (Tedesco et al., 2004; Bailey et al., 2006; Shi et al., 2006). Aflatoxicosis is also associated with changes in biochemical and haematological parame ...
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Article published the February 28, 2019
Poultry industry suffers greatly from the economic losses due to the adverse effects of mycotoxicosis attributed to reduced feed intake, poor feed conversion and nutrient utilization, growth and production performance, immunosuppression and subsequently increased susceptibility to various infections (Xue et al. 2010). Aflatoxin is the most commonly occurring mycotoxin in India. Major forms of AF i ...
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Article published the February 28, 2019
INTRODUCTION Feed is the major input in poultry production. Supply of high quality feed is must to obtain optimum performance. Presence of mycotoxins in feed is one of the major constraints in maintain feed quality because the mycotoxins are widely present in feedstuffs around the world and may affect production even in very low concentration. The most widespread and in most studied group of myco ...
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Article published the August 30, 2018
All feeds (raw material and finished products) are suitable media for growth of a wide variety of moulds, provided moisture and temperature requirements are met. The moulds in feed may cause problems in two ways (i) the moulds itself use the feed nutrients for their growth, and (ii) the moulds can produce mycotoxins in feed. Reduction in the metabolisable energy value (Bartov 1982), and reduced fa ...
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Participation in Forum on January 16, 2016
Antibiotic growth promoter and their Alternatives 1. Specific rules and regulations may be framed on use of antibiotics as feed additive after thorough discussions with the industry personals, famers and scientist before banning the feed antibiotics. 2. To prevent resistance the antibiotics may be classified into three groups. The 1st group comprising of Cephalosporines (beta-lactam antibiotics) ...
Participation in Forum on July 31, 2015
1. Try to maintain brooding temperature, and do not allow the birds for any type of suffocation during brooding period. Avoid any smoke (carbon dioxide production) in the shed. 2. Avoid overcrowding, wet litter condition and reduce ammonia production through proper management and dietary manipulation (low protein and optimum lysine to arginine ratio). 2. Add sodium bicarbonate in diet. 3. Reduce ...
Participation in Forum on December 19, 2014
It is better to grade the chicks and as decided by you, larger birds (more than 450g) are to be placed in grower diet and smaller birds are to be kept in starter diet. However, ensure feeding and watering space, floor space, uniform chicks from same flock placed, size of feed particles, type of feed (mash/pellet as crumbles are always better to have uniform body weight), and encourage the smaller ...
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