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Buffalo breeds in india

Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India

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A breed is a group of related animals with similar characters like general appearance, size, features and configuration etc. Often, breeds resemble each other with slight morphological differences, but because of constant inbreeding in one locality, independent breeds have evolved. In general, the cattle from drier regions are well built and those from heavy rainfall areas, coastal and hilly regions are of smaller build. There are total 231 breeds of cattle in the world out of which 26 are in India. Most indigenous cattle breeds in the tropics are multipurpose (milk, meat, draught) and that only a few breeds have good milk potential. Indian cattle breeds of cattle are classified in to three types as under:

a) Milch breeds

b) Dual Purpose breeds

c) Draught breed 


The cows of these breeds are high milk yielders and the male animals are slow or poor workers. The milk production of milk breeds is on the average more than 1600 kg. per lactation. The examples of Indian milch breeds are Sahiwal, Red Sindhi, Gir and Deoni.


The cows in these breeds are average milk yielder and male animals are very useful for work. Their milk production per lactation is 500 kg to 150 kg. The example of this group are Ongole, Hariana, Kankrej, Deoni, Rathi , Mewathi, Dangi  and Nimari.


The male animals are good for work and cows are poor milk yielders and their milk yield on an average is less than 500 kg per lactation. They are usually white in colour. The example of this group is Hallikar, Amritmahal, Khillari, Bargur, Nagori, Bachaur, Malvi, Kenkatha, Kherigarh, Kangayam, Ponwar, Siri, Gaolao, Krishna Valley.





The European breeds of dairy cattle belong to the species of  Bos taurus. They are humpless generally large spread with a fine coat, short ears, without a pendulous dewlap. They are less heat tolerant and less disease resistant as compared to Indian cattle, but are superior in milk production, The exotic breeds of cattle have been used in India on a fairly extensive scale with a view to improve the milk yielding capacity of the indigenous cows. The important European breeds of dairy cattle are Holstein Friesian, Brown Swiss, Jersey, Guernsey and Ayrshire.


The domestic or water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) belong to the family bovidae, sub-family bovinae, genus bubalis and species arni or wild Indian buffalo. Buffalo are believed to have been domesticated around 5000 years ago in the Indus Valley. The water buffalo can mainly be classified as River (Chromosome no., 2n=50) and swamp type (Chromosome no., 2n=48). The domestication of swamp buffalo took place independently in China about 1000 years later. The movement of buffalo to other countries both east and westwards has occurred from these two countries. Some of the well-known dairy breeds of buffalo found in India and Pakistan are Murrah, Nili-Ravi, Kundi, Surti, Jaffarabadi, Bhadawari, Mehsana, Godawari and Pandharpuri. Despite potential advantages, little attention has been paid to buffalo improvement programs. The buffalo is known as water buffalo. There are number of buffalo breeds in India but true to type and descriptive breeds are Murrah, Jaffrabadi, Niliravi and Mehsana. The swamp buffalo are concentrated mainly in south east China, Myanmar, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippine, and Vietnam. The skin colour is gray, dark gray to state blue. White animals occur frequently. Animals have swept back horns and are similar in appearance across the countries except the size. The horns grow laterally and horizontally in young animals and curve round in a semi circle as the animals gets older. Animals are massively built, heavy bodied with large belly. The forehead is flat; orbits are prominent with a short face and wide muzzle. They weight from 300 to 400 kg when fully grown. Swamp buffalo are primarily used as work animal in paddy cultivation, for pulling carts and hauling timber in jungles. Milk yield is 1-2 kg per day.

BREEDS: On the basis of regions the well defined buffalo breeds are:


  1. Murrah
  2. Nilli Ravi
  3. Kundi
  4. Godavari


  1. Surti
  2. Jaffarabadi
  3. Mehsana


  1. Bhadawari
  2. Tarai


  1. Nagpuri
  2. Pandhepuri
  3. Manda
  4. Jerangi
  5. Kalhandi
  6. Sambalpur


  1. Toda
  2. South Kanara




Subodh Kumar
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Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
11/20/2012 | This is an excellent compilation about cattle wealth of India .
To make it more authentic it is requested that references may also be provided for the basis on which this data has been sourced..
Sudhakar Chousalkar
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Ambajogai, Maharashtra, India
Agricultural Engineer
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
11/20/2012 | This is an excellent article giving information on breeds of India with nice clear photographs.The writers deserve congrats for this effort which will be helpful for all who want to know about Indian breeds.
Fresh efforts should be made by all concerned to encourage the breeding of these breeds

Dr.Sudhakar Chousalkar
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Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Veterinary Doctor
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
11/21/2012 |

Very good information on the breeds of cattle and buffalo.Useful for a variety of persons.

Dr. Balkrishna Sharma

Dr Muhammad Ramzan
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Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Agricultural Engineer
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
11/22/2012 |

A good article with reasonable good details. applauded. Please correct data regarding breedable animals in indiginous cattle.

Dr. Nilambar Thakuria
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Guwahati, Assam, India
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
04/05/2013 | Very good information
Megz Dawn
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Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
05/22/2013 |

i've read in an old article that before in the Philippines, it import cows. i'm not just so sure from what country they imported cows but it was either from Australia or New Zealand. i guess it was intended to acquired cows from those two countries as they have a high breed type of cows.

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Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
02/02/2014 | Very useful information.
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
04/03/2014 | this article gives us an important detail about cattle & bufallo breeds
Dr. Saad Alhayani
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Cairo, Al Qahirah, Egypt
Dairy producer
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
06/21/2014 | I would like to more about indian buffaloes and why the Italian breeders are producing better milk production per head and most buffloes they have are originary Murrah
asif ahmad
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dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Re: Forum: Breeds of cattle and buffalo in India
10/23/2014 | can u pleaseget me few more pics of buffalo
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