Discussion created on 11/07/2012

Infectious Laryngotracheitis

Forum: is this Infectious Laryngotracheitis (ILT)?

Is this Infectious Laryngotracheitis (ILT)? Please look at the nuclear area...


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Laila A Tantawy Laila A Tantawy
Head researcher
November 7, 2012

I'm Dr. Laila Tantawy, Avian Pathologist at Animal Health Research Institute. The intranuclear inclusion of the ILT may be appeared in this photo as round esinophilic body inside the nucleus. But in fact to be sure you must find syncytium, composed of different nuclei with marginalized chromatine. However, sometimes the virus destruct the cells after its replication, then in this case you cannot see the inclusion although the bird in infected with ILT.

See this picture: ILT,intranuclear inclusion bodies

July 1, 2013

I cannot see any typical intranuclear inclusions with clear margination of the chromatin which are diagnostic for ILT. The appearance of multinucleate syncytia would also be helpful but I am not convinced that they are present here. An important feature of...

July 1, 2013

Two nuclei under the two blood vessels in the right top corner of section appear suspicious. However, this H&E section does not contain adequate information for conclusive opinion.

Dr. A.g. Rao Dr. A.g. Rao
July 1, 2013

Reference to topic on ILT

Characteristic inclusions are not always be seen, particularly as the lesions become old. It may be seen in initial stages only. Under field conditions we always get the typical cases for diagnosis after period of 3-4days of initial mortality by which time the mucosal lining would be completely degenerated and desquamated. In such cases it will be difficult to identify the typical inclusions. 2 or 3 tissues collected out of 15 - 20 birds may show the inclusions provided the tissues are properly proceesed and stained.
As noted from this section the inclusions are not so distinct. However, the grossn lesions with other serological studies might give conclusive diagnosis.

Dr A.G. Rao
Retired Professor Pathology, Orissa Veterinary College, Odisha

Fred Hoerr Fred Hoerr
DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVP, ACPV
July 2, 2013
This image does not have lesions that are pathognomonic for LT.
July 3, 2013
This image has no evidence of acute infection with infectious laryngotracheitis virus. I would recommend to always select acutely affected chickens (birds that are starting with the infection; or birds that are still expressing clinical signs) instead of terminally ill or dead chickens. This will increase your chances of detecting the lesions you are looking for.

Guillermo Zavala
Dr Abdulwahab Kammon Dr Abdulwahab Kammon
PhD (Veterinary Pathology)
July 8, 2013
I think the pathognomonic lesions of ILT which include eosinophilic intra-nuclear inclusions and syncytia are not present here. That margination is usually seen in case of inclusion body hepatitis although the tissue here is not liver!!!!.

Dr Abdulwahab Kammon
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Fred Hoerr
Fred Hoerr
DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVP, ACPV
  Nashville, Tennessee, United States
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