The importance of pyridoxine for the impact of the dietary selenium sources on redox balance, embryo development, and reproductive performance in gilts

Published on: 4/1/2020
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Summary

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effects of dietary pyridoxine and selenium (Se) on embryo development, reproductive performance and redox system in gilts. Eighty-four gilts were fed one of five diets: CONT) basal diet; MSeB60) CONT + 0.3 mg/kg of Na-selenite; MSeB610) diet 2 + 10 mg/kg of HCl-pyridoxine; OSeB60) CONT + 0.3 mg/kg of Se-enriched yeast; and OSeB610) diet 4 + 10 mg/kg of HClpyridoxine. Blood samples were collected for long-term (each estrus and slaughter) and peri-estrus (fourth estrus d −4 to d +3) profiles. At slaughter (gestation d 30), organs and embryos were collected. For long-term and peri-estrus profiles, Se level and source affected (P < 0.01) blood Se concentration whereas B6 level increased (P < 0.01) erythrocyte pyridoxal-5-phosphate concentration. A B6 level (P < 0.05) effect was observed on long-term plasma Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (Se-GPX) activity whereas periestrus Se-GPX was minimum on d −1 (P < 0.01). Selenium level increased sows’ organs and embryo Se concentration (P < 0.01). Selenium source tended to enhance embryo Se content (P = 0.06). Within-litter embryo Se content was increased by B6 level (P < 0.01). Selenium level tended to affect Se-GPX and total GPX activities in organs mitochondria (P = 0.09 and 0.07, respectively). Selenium source affected kidney ATP synthesis (P = 0.05). In conclusion, B6 level affected the Se-GPX activity on a long-term basis, whereas the basal level of Se was adequate during the peri-estrus period. Embryo quality was not improved by dietary Se, and B6 impaired within-litter homogeneity.
 
Key words: embryo, gestation, glutathione peroxidase, pig, pyridoxine, selenium.
 
 
Abstract published in Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 34 (2016) 79–89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2016.01.001.
 
Author/s
Veterinary, specialist in agribusiness, with MSc. and PhD. in Animal Science (nutritional additives for weaned pigs and mineral/vitamin nutrition for gestating sows, respectively). Currently, He´s a post-doctorate fellow at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada working with minerals and vitamins for neonate pigs and also, the bioavalability of vitamin B12 in growing pigs as a model for human nutrition.
 
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