1 Proteinorte Alimentos SA, Henrique de Coimbra Street, 469, Interlagos, Linhares, Espírito Santo, 29903-105, Brazil; B Department of Animal Science, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Peter Henry Rolfs Avenue, s/n, ¸ Campus Universitário, Vicosa, Minas Gerais, 36570-000, Brazil; 3 EPAMIG (Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais), Vila Gianneti, 46, Santo Antonio, Vicosa, Minas Gerais, 36570-000, Brazil; 4 Instituto Federal de Educacão, Ciência e Tecnologia Baiano (Campus Itaberaba), Rio Branco Avenue, ¸ s/n, Centro, Itaberaba, Bahia, 46880-000, Brazil; 5 Department of Animal Science, Centro Universitário do Espírito Santo, Fioravante Rossi Street, 2930, Martinelli, Colatina, Espírito Santo, 29703-855, Brazil.
The purpose of the present study was to determine the digestible-lysine (Lys) requirement in diets supplemented or not with ractopamine (RAC), so as to maximise performance and carcass characteristics for finishing barrows reared at thermoneutral conditions. In total, 128 high-lean commercial hybrid barrows with an initial bodyweight of 78.2 ± 4.3 kg were distributed in a completely randomised block design, in a 4 x 2 factorial arrangement (four Lys concentrations: 0.730%, 0.830%, 0.930% and 1.030% and two RAC inclusions: 0 and 10 mg/kg), with two animals per pen and eight pens per treatment. Lys concentrations tested significantly (P < 0.05) affected digestible-lysine intake, and the absolute (g) and relative (%) lean meat content, regardless of RAC inclusion. When diets were RAC-supplemented, feed conversion rate of animals was improved and, in addition, final bodyweight, daily bodyweight gain, loin eye area, loin eye depth, and absolute (g) and relative (%) carcass lean meat content increased (P < 0.05). RAC inclusion also decreased (P < 0.05) backfat thickness and the colour values a* and b* of finishing pigs. Therefore, on the basis of our results, it can be inferred that the best performance and carcass characteristics for finishing barrows reared at thermoneutral conditions were obtained at 1.030% and 0.730% Lys respectively, corresponding to an estimated daily Lys intake of 34.3 g and 24.2 g, independently of the diet RAC concentration.
Additional keywords: amino acid, carcass, climate, nutrition, pork quality.
Abstract published in Animal Production Science 59(3) 531-542 https://doi.org/10.1071/AN17163.