Article published the March 3, 2022
INTRODUCTIONNecrotic enteritis (NE) is an enteric bacterial disease in chickens that is caused by Clostridium perfringens type G infection. Avian NE has gained much attention recently in the post antibiotic/anticoccidial agents' era as this infection has resulted in huge economic losses of 2 to 6 billion US dollars in the global poultry industry (Lee et al., 2020). Furthermore, the recently di ...
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Article published the December 1, 2021
INTRODUCTION Eimeria spp. are the etiologic agents of avian coccidiosis, an intestinal disease responsible for an economic loss of more than $3 billion per year (1, 2). Increasing implementation of antibioticfree poultry production system in the U.S. is making the control of some enteric pathogens such as coccidiosis-causing Eimeria species and necrotic enteritis-inducing Clostridium perfringens s ...
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Article published the November 16, 2021
1. IntroductionFood safety and economic gains are the priority consideration for food animal production industry. The antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) have been used in animal feed for decades to promote animal health and production. However, extensive use of antibiotics in animal agriculture led to increased concerns over antibiotic contamination in food and environment, and the emergence of ant ...
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Article published the November 3, 2021
IntroductionExosomes are membrane vesicles, approximately 40–100  nm in diameter, and present in most biological fuids [1–3]. Exosomes are derived from multivesicular bodies (MVBs) to form intraluminal vesicles (ILVs), which are then released into the extracellular environment as exosomes after fusion with the plasma membrane [3]. Lipids and proteins are the main components of exo ...
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Article published the September 7, 2021
INTRODUCTIONCoccidiosis is a major enteric disease of chickens that is caused by several distinct species of Eimeria protozoan parasites infecting different areas of the gut. Coccidiosis primarily damages epithelial integrity in the intestine decreasing nutrient utilization and resulting in an annual loss of over $3.2 billion in the poultry industry globally (1–3). With the onset of coccidio ...
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Article published the December 10, 2020
Necrotic enteritis (NE) is one of the top enteric infectious diseases in commercial broiler chickens that is caused primarily by Clostridium perfringens (CP) A/G strains and responsible for around $6 billion economical loss worldwide.  Coccidiosis is the major predisposing factor for NE. With gradual reduction and eventual withdrawal of antibiotic growth promoters from animal feed due to publ ...
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