Article published the September 21, 2022
I. INTRODUCTIONSpotty Liver Disease (SLD) is characterised by increased mortality, particularly around the time of peak egg production, the occurrence of multiple grey/white lesions in the liver, and reduction in egg output. It is caused by Campylobacter hepaticus (Van et al., 2016), which responds to therapeutic antibiotics, although resistance has been reported (Grimes and Reece, 2011). In this ...
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Article published the May 18, 2021
I. INTRODUCTIONCampylobacter hepaticus currently causes significant economic losses to the poultry industry, as it is the cause of spotty liver disease (SLD) in chickens (Van et al., 2016, 2017a). The clinical manifestations of SLD include the formation of gray/white lesions in the liver, an increase in mortality rate in a flock, and reduction in egg production. It has been sporadically reported o ...
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Article published the February 23, 2015
BACKGROUND Influenza viruses belong to the family Orthomyxoviridae and they affect a wide variety of animal species, man and even marine mammals.  The nomenclature of influenza viruses is subtyped based on the surface glycoproteins antigens, Haemagglutin (H) and Neuraminidase (N) where there are 16 subtypes of H and 9 subtypes of N. Most combinations of these subtypes have been identifie ...
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Article published the November 4, 2014
BACKGROUND In the genus Salmonella (Family Enterobacteriaceae) there are over 2,500 serovars. In this paper we are not dealing with the two avian host specific salmonella nonmotile serovars, S. Pullorum (Pullorum disease) and S. Gallinarum (Fowl typhoid) which are both considered to be exotic to Australian commercial poultry. Similarly not the human specific salmonella called Salmonella Typhi the ...
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