Article published the February 2, 2022
INTRODUCTIONAs a nonpolar amino acid, Valine (Val) is one of the most hydrophobic amino acids (Brosnan and Brosnan, 2006). Val, leucine, and isoleucine are called branched chain amino acids due to the branched chain structures of their R groups. In animals, Val serves as a precursor for the synthesis of protein and other amino acids (Ferrando et al., 1995). As a glucogenic amino acid, Val is a sub ...
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Article published the January 11, 2022
INTRODUCTIONVitamin D is a group of closely related compounds that have antirachitic activity. It has been estimated that nearly 50% of the United States population is at risk for vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency (Holick et al., 2011). Vitamin D3 (D3) deficiency can cause rickets in young children or increase the risk of osteoporosis and osteomalacia in adults (Holick, 2005). One approach to ...
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Article published the January 6, 2022
INTRODUCTIONIn poultry, phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient in metabolic processes and a component of nucleic acids, membrane phospholipids, and bones (Nie et al., 2013). Much effort has been made to increase P absorption in poultry to improve metabolic performance and reduce the environmental impact of phosphate (Pi) release from manure (Ahmadi and Rodehutscord, 2012; Letourneau-Montminy et ...
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Article published the September 21, 2021
INTRODUCTIONTryptophan (Trp) is an essential amino acid and third limiting in typical commercial corn-soybean diets for white egg-laying hens (Russell and Harms, 1999). Tryptophan is primarily used for protein synthesis to maintain egg production but also plays a role as a precursor of serotonin which is synthesized to melatonin to regulate sleep, appetite, and stress responses. In addition, Trp c ...
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Article published the January 7, 2021
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Article published the December 10, 2020
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Article published the August 5, 2019
INTRODUCTIONAdvancements in clinical veterinary medicine have resulted in portable diagnostic tools that provide rapid, cost-effective means to investigate metabolic disturbances using blood samples. The handheld i-STATR 1 (2006) analyzer (Abbott Laboratories, East Windsor, NJ) requires a relatively small blood sample (∼100 μL), can be performed “pen-side,” and may be useful in ...
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