Protein based flushing related blood urea nitrogen effects on ovarian response, embryo recovery and embryo quality in superovulated ewes

Published on: 11/13/2017
Author/s : Irfan Tur 1, Dursun Ali Dínç 2, Ahmet Semacan 2. / 1 Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Izmir Institute of Technology, Gülbahçe Campus, Urla, Izmir, Turkey; 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selçuk University, Alaaddin Keykubat Campus, Selçuklu, Konya, Turkey.


The present study is the first report that evaluates effects of nutritional effects of flushing with differing diet crude protein ratios on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels, related some reproductive parameters and embryo quality in ewe. During mating season, before synchronization protocol ewes were fed on alfalfa hay and additive concentrate feeding as flushing. Intravaginal FGA containing sponges applied for 12 days for the purpose of synchronization and pFSH was administered by 8 declining doses for the purpose of superovulation.

Uterus was flushed in the morning of the seventh day of mating and embryos were collected surgically. Collected embryos were qualified according to IETS criterion. There is no dependency found between BUN values measured at different days and at different diet crude protein concentrations. An increase in uterine pH levels due to increasing protein amounts was observed but this increase was not significant among groups. Ovarian function was evaluated by ovarian responses (CL + large follicle) showed difference between groups (p < 0.05) and the lowest protein intake group gave highest ovarian response. In addition, embryo recovery rates revealed difference between groups (p < 0.05) and it was observed that the lowest ovarian response group showed the highest rates of embryo recovery. It is concluded that, in some Anatolian native sheep breeds, the application of diet flushing with different crude protein concentrates influence ovarian responses and embryo recovery rates but has no effect on BUN levels; uterus physiology or embryonic quality.

Keywords: Feed flushing, Embryo quality, Superovulation, Urea nitrogen, Uterus pH, Embryo recovery.

Published in Theriogenology, Volume 98, August 2017, Pages 62-67.

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