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PlusVet Animal Health
PlusVet Animal Health
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Necrotic enteritis and coccidiosis: differential diagnosis

Published on: 07/29/2021
Author/s : PlusVet Animal Health

Enteric diseases are one of the most important problems in the poultry industry because of high economic losses. In recent years, due to increasing resistance to antibiotics and coccidiostats, together with the ban of antibiotic growth promoters, necrotic enteritis and coccidiosis emerged as the most worrisome digestive diseases in the poultry industry.The two diseases are closely related and some...

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Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó
Operations Director
PlusVet Animal Health PlusVet Animal Health
Qingdao, Shandong [Shantung], China
July 29, 2021
When a customer complains that the treatment against necrotic enteritis is not effective, we make an analysis of the feces and often we find out that the birds have subclinical coccidiosis. Once the coccidiosis is treated, the problem goes away in a few days. It is very important to understand the link between these two diseases.
Reply
July 31, 2021
Coccidiosis and Coccidias is are two terms used in practice, the former cause disease outbreak and the later is presence of cocci organisms waiting for an opportunity to cause disease.- Sub- clinical infection.
Coccidiosis predisposes the necrotic enteritis. Often treating Necrotic enteritis without treating Coccidiosis will cause heavy mortality.
Treat coccidiosis and Necrotic enteritis together give good results.
Reply
July 31, 2021
Coccidiosis and Coccidias are two terms used in practice, the former cause disease outbreak and the later is presence of cocci organisms waiting for an opportunity to cause disease.- Sub- clinical infection.
Coccidiosis predisposes the necrotic enteritis. Often treating Necrotic enteritis without treating Coccidiosis will cause heavy mortality.
Treat coccidiosis and Necrotic enteritis together give good results.
Reply
Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó
Operations Director
PlusVet Animal Health PlusVet Animal Health
Qingdao, Shandong [Shantung], China
August 9, 2021
DR.R.N.Sreenivas Gowda Thanks for your explanation and I totally agree with your comment on the need of treating both together
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August 5, 2021
What is the best practice in terms of drug choice for treating Coccidiosis and Necrotic Enteritis concurrently?
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Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó
Operations Director
PlusVet Animal Health PlusVet Animal Health
Qingdao, Shandong [Shantung], China
August 9, 2021
Yusuf Ibrahim In my opinion this question is difficult to answer, because it will depend on the products that are allowed for each kind of poultry in each country, and also if the strain is resistant to anticoccidials or not.
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Kasame Trakullerswilai Kasame Trakullerswilai
Bacheler of Veterinary Medicine
August 13, 2021
many factors may concern for diff dx ; age ,climate ,mortality,coccidiostat or vaccine used,
Reply
October 2, 2021

I think the keyword here is extreme biosecurity. For coccidiosis, extreme humidity is the predisposing factor. In high humid climate for open housing ,vaccination or strategic medications will go a long way in cutting the life cycle of coccidia. Pre and probiotic is good as regards necrotic enteritis but this is effective at the build up or initializing or lag phases.

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Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó
Operations Director
PlusVet Animal Health PlusVet Animal Health
Qingdao, Shandong [Shantung], China
October 5, 2021
Dr Charles Ibe We have many successful cases about treating necrotic enteritis with our plant extracts, no antibiotic needed. But if coccidia is present, the situation gets much more complicated, and coccidia needs to be eliminated first.
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Pavel Melnikov Pavel Melnikov
Director
October 15, 2021

Dr. Charles Ibe, I agree about the biosecurity. The use of agents that induce lysis of sporulated oocysts reduces the number of resistant ones and increases the efficacy of both vaccines and coccidiostatics. High humidity, as well as low humidity, stops the sporulation process.

Reply
Zahed Abbasi Zahed Abbasi
VETRINARIAN
October 4, 2021

Hi to all:
In good husbandry management, both diseases have to be prevented. For coccidiosis, it includes inducing good immunity by vaccination or by using coccidiostat in rotation or shuttle program, and when there are clinical signs and mortality, treatment is the only way to be done. Depending on the region of intestine affected and drug sensitivity.
For necrotic enteritis, disease management practice includes coccidiosis prevention, gut health management, and if there is mortality, antibiotic affecting gram positive must be used. But when the coccidiosis predisposes to necrotic enteritis management, the condition is complicated and treatment of coccidiosis is the priority.

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Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó
Operations Director
PlusVet Animal Health PlusVet Animal Health
Qingdao, Shandong [Shantung], China
October 5, 2021
Zahed Abbasi Right, if coccidia is not eliminated the necrotic enteritis can not be solved.
Reply
October 5, 2021
Teresa M. Agulles Teixidó Sure, the damaging effect of Coccidia organisms on the gut's lumen creates room for the invasiveness of the incriminating vegetative stage of clostridial organisms.
The game plan here is to eliminate coccidia as condition precedence
Reply
October 12, 2021
Threat of Coccidiosis is always there in poultry field all over the world. As per Ancient Ayurvedic Science there are so many plant extracts those act against many Bacteria, Virus ,Protozoa's and Parasites. Our Indian kitchen provide everyday medicine for Human health. The Plant extracts in different form and concentration have very good results in Animal health too. Rainy, humid or Hot and humid climatic conditions are predisposing factors to cause cocci and NE in poultry. Preventing these diseases is better than Treating both the disease at a time as its an alarming situation of loss making business. Many chemical have adverse reactions when get contact with ruptured lumen of intestine will lead to another complications too. No doubt the chemicals are good as they give quick results but increasing the chance of getting microbial resistance so using good Phytochemicals for prevention and treatment in combination with chemical is always a best option in any disease condition.
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Fred Hoerr
Fred Hoerr
DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVP, ACPV
  Nashville, Tennessee, United States
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