Incubation and Brooding Conditions Essential for Optimisation of Neonatal Nutrition

Published on: 12/16/2014
Author/s : Rose Molenaar1, T. Gooding1, David Lamot2, P.J.A. Wijtten2, C.W. Van Der Pol3, C.M. Maatjens3, I.A.M. Van Roovert-Reijrink3 (1Turi Foods, 2Cargill, the Netherlands, 3HatchTech B.V., The Netherlands)

1. Introduction Growth rates of broiler chickens have increased and production cycle times have decreased by 60% in the last 40 years. This is widely agreed to be the direct result of genetic selection and improvements in poultry nutrition (Havenstein et al., 2003a). The incubation and brooding period has become a larger part of the total life span of the broiler chicken. This is expected to incr...

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Dr.Md . Hasanuzzaman Dr.Md . Hasanuzzaman
Doctors of Veterinary Medicine
December 26, 2014
In brooding period which vitamins are more effective for growth & which antibiotic more effective?
March 13, 2015
A D3 E C is found to be reasonably effective. Regarding antibiotic tetracycline group is good, but not sure of quality of chicks then go for antibiotic combination which acts on G-ve bacteria, E.coli and Salmonella in particular. Colistin, Flumequine, Neomycin along with broad spectrum antibiotic.
If quality of chicks is ok and farming condition is favourable probiotics works well. Probiotic can be used along with antibiotic can also be used. probiotic should be followed post antibiotic period as well.
Abdelaziz Abdelfatah Abdelmotii Ebrahim Abdelaziz Abdelfatah Abdelmotii Ebrahim
dr of veterinary medecine
April 2, 2015
good article but i think the broading temperature is between 31 and 32 c
the temperature of broading must be obtained before chick arrive to farm by about 12 hours as the littre must be warm
there is fact say
good start leads to good finish
good luck
dr abdelaziz
Rose Molenaar Rose Molenaar
April 6, 2015

Dear Dr Abdelaziz,

Thank you for you comment on my article.

You have to be careful with mentioning optimal brooding temperatures as they are dependent on the design of the broiler house and the environmental conditions. Therefore, I prefer to adjust the brooding temperature to achieve an optimal rectal body temperature of the chickens. When posthatch chickens have an optimal rectal body temperature (40-41C), they will show normal behaviour and start eating, drinking and therefore developing. Furthermore, the chickens will be evenly distributed throughout the broiler house.

As you mentioned, a sufficient time to preheat the broiler house is very important to achieve the right brooding temperature when the chickens arrive in the broiler house. The importance of this is often underestimated.


Dr Rose Molenaar

Emmanuel Nwaotule Emmanuel Nwaotule
Higher Diploma In Animal Health and Husbandry
April 7, 2015
Brooding of chicks is a very technical operation ,and we should not forget about stocking density, feeding and watering facilities. If there is any challenge in this direction, definitely faulty nutrition would be observed .Also, the first thing to start chicks with is to provide glucose water and the feeds later. Stress of any sort ,either transport or otherwise must be controlled to achieve proper chick distribution within the brooding house,
April 8, 2015
Thank you so much you say ,preheating the brooder house is always underestimated,i am a farmer,keeping broilers,thanks fpr the reminder.
April 10, 2015
Thanks for informative article, it really becomes a challenge to control temperatures especially first days and last days of incubation

April 10, 2015
Damiel,that is very true,during the last days in brooder the temp.has to be right.otherwise they handle together and kill each other.
Muhammad Asad Muhammad Asad
Veterinary Doctor
June 23, 2015
i think in brooding the combination of enrofloxacin and colistin for the profilectic measure is used for better result.and in vitamins the vit-e and c is used.
Eddiemar Lagua Eddiemar Lagua
Bachelor of Science in Agriculture Major in Animal Science-Animal Nutrition
August 31, 2015
Thanks for this article.
Regarding ideal brooding temperature we need also to consider the parents of the chicks. Chicks from young parents need slightly higher brooding temperature than chicks from older parents.

God Bless
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