“A Set Of Management Practices,
Which When Followed Correctly
Reduce The Potential For The Introduction And Spread Of Disease Causing Organisms
Onto, And Between Farms”
Why “Reduced”, and Not Finished?
- Microbes Can Be Controlled, Not Prevented
- Microbes are more Versatile To Overcome Adversity (Quickly Adapt to New Environment)
- Population of Microbes is Very High, and Widely Distributed
- Microbes Multiply Rapidly
- “Disease Occurrence Can be Minimized, Productivity Can Be Optimized”
Expenditure And Return From Biosecurity
Economics of Biosecurity
Importance of Biosecurity
Highly Intensive Farming-
Birds At Stress; Lowered Immunity- Higher Susceptibility to Diseases
Highly Productive Livestock- More Prone to Diseases
Important Concern for Exports Market
Rise Of Disease Incidence-
Contagious/ Transmissible Diseases on the Rise
Complexed Forms Of Diseases
Virulence On The Rise
Indiscriminate Use Of Antibiotics, Giving Rise To Resistant Microbes
General Pattern Of Microbial Load Build- Up In A Non- Biosecure Farm
Disinfection Protocol Implemetnation Does Not Bring
A Sudden Change in the Environment…
General Pattern of gradual microbial load depletion, in implementing biosecurity after an epidemic
- Location of the Farm
- Mode of Transport
- Farm Modernization
- Building and Infrastructure Planning and Designing
- Hygiene Measures
- Record Keeping for Biosecurity parameters
Biosecurity Success- Hierarchy
Importance, Investment and Role
Initial Challenges of Biosecurity
Increased Immediate Costs
- Direct Cost
- Additional Manpower
- Direct Profits Reduced
- Long Term Plan
Advantages of Following Biosecurity
- Healthier Livestock Higher Productivity
- Higher Profits, by Reduced Losses
- Controlled Pathogen Level in the Farm
- Losses Due to Potential Epidemics Prevented
- Safety to Public Health
- Important for Procuring International Certifications
Modes of Disease Introduction and Transmission
- Carriers Within A Flock
- Birds Recently Acquired From An Outside Flock
- Eggs From Infected Breeder Flocks
- Human Feet, Hands, And Clothes
- Dust, Feathers, And Manure On Equipment And Supplies, Such As Trucks, And Egg Flats
- Feral Birds, Predators, Rodents, Flies, And Insects
- Live Or Contaminated Vaccines
- Feed Contaminated At The Manufacturing Plant
Physio- Chemical Methods to Execute Biosecurity
Interrupt The Pathway Of Disease
- All Microbes Have Life- Cycle
- Destroy It By Inhibiting Conducive Atmosphere
- Adequate Decontamination Of Animal Buildings And Pens Prior To Occupation.
- Provision Of A Clear Air Supply And Adequate Ventilation
- Exclusion Of Vectors Of Infection, e.g. Birds, Insects, Rodents, Dogs, And Even Visitors
- Adequate Disposal Of Sewage, Slurry, And Other Farm Waste
- Proper Disposal Of Carcasses, Dead Due To Infectious Diseases
- Provision Of A Safe And Clean Water And Food Supply
- Use Disinfected Instruments e.g. vaccine administrators, nebulizers etc.
- Give Sufficient Gap Between Grow Outs
Principle Pathways of Cross Infection and Cross Contamination
Control the Infectious Disease
- Protect the Susceptible Animals
- Artificial Immunization (Vaccination)
- Quarantine of Infected Animals
- Eliminate Non- Curable Animals
Disinfection (The Key to Biosecurity)
How Disinfection Helps?
- It Breaks The Life Cycle Of Infectious Microbes
- Regular Use At Recommended Intervals Prevents The Build-up
Disinfection- Is it Adequate Alone?
What Makes Disinfection Effective?
- Good Husbandry Practices
- Strict Hygiene
- Evacuation Of Food Residues, Dirt And Excreta
Ideal Biosecurity Programme
General Purpose Detergent and Surfactant
Alkaline anionic and non- ionic amphoteric surfactant, foam boosters and sequesterants, with as pleasant citrus deodorant
- Removes organic matter, particularly cakes from feed, manure, medicines etc. These are a potent
- Potent biofilm removing agent.
- Suitable for foaming.
- Recommended dilution- 1 ml Primeclean per 1 liter of water
5 liters, 20 Liters
Broad- Spectrum Disinfectant
Glutaraldehyde 6.25%; Quaternary Ammonium Compounds 12.50% and Terpine derivatives 4.00%
- Strong virucide, bactericide, fungicide, effective against protozoa and insect repellent
- Contact time: 10 minutes
- Residual Efficacy: 7 days
- Non- corrosive, non- irritant and non- toxic with pleasant pine odour.
SPRAYING (Terminal & routine disinfection)
Regular disinfection: Spraying at the rate of 1:200 (5ml per liter of water).
Epidemics: 1: 50 (20ml per liter of water)
DIPPING (Foot-bath, Wheel-bath)-
Regular usage: 1:100 (10ml per liter of bath water). Change twice a week, or until spoiled with manure, soil etc.
In outbreaks: 1: 50 (20ml per liter of bath water). Change the solution 3- 4 times a week. per 1 liter of water
1 liter of 1:200 COMBAT solution (5 ml per liter water) per 100 cubic meters of airspace; 2-4 times daily over flock
THERMOFOGGING (for Terminal Disinfection)-
Dilute in 1:1 ratio, and use as a fumigant at the rate of 5 ml solution per cubic meter.
1liter , 5 liters and 20 liters
Water System Sanitizer
Extra stabilized hydrogen peroxide 35%
Silver nitrate 0.08%
- Erodes and prevents biofilms
- Removes mineral deposits
- Controls all water- borne disease
- Reduces early chick mortality
- Enhances productivity
- Has no residues
- Evacuate the reservoir and the water system.
- Add AQUAPURE @ 1.5% to 3%, depending upon the biofilm level and water contamination
- Open the lines, and fill the system. Ensure that the solution reaches deep inside the nipples, cups etc., and passes for a while through them.
- Leave it for 10 hours (Contact time).
- Flush the system with clean water.
In Presences of Animals (as Water Sanitizer):
- 1.Fill the water reservoir completely, and close the water input. Add AQUAPURE @ 75ml per 1000 liters of water (0.0075%). When the reservoir is empty, repeat the procedure.
- 2.After every 2 days, increase by 75ml per 1000 litres, until a maximum level of dosage 350ml per 1000 liters water is reached (0.035% diluted).
- 3.Continue until the level of biofilm and contamination is under control.
5 liters and 20 liters
Fastest- acting Fumigant
Paraformaldehyde 93% w/w prills
- Disinfection of Livestock and poultry houses and hatcheries
- Effective against all Viruses, Bacteria and Fungi Including spores
- Safer than Formalin/ Pot. Permanganate combination
- Higher concentration achieved in closed fumigation
- Longer Contact Time
- House Becomes free of Rodents and Insects
- Terminal Disinfection: 320 grams FORMAGENE per 100 cubic meters.
- .Egg Fumigation: 10 gm per cubic meter, by heating in a reception room before the eggs enter the hatchery, in the setters-before the 3rd day or after the 8th day or in egg transport vehicle.
- Nest Boxes: Place 15-20 gm FORMAGENE in each nest box. Heat from sitting hen will release the gas.
Broad- spectrum Disinfectant
Alcohol, Formaldehyde, Substituted phenols, and Quaternary Ammonium
Compounds (QUATS), along with Detergents and Amphoteric Surfactants
- General disinfection of the farm
- Suitable replacement of White Phenol
- Broader- spectrum
- Longer Residual Life
- Quicker Action
- Pleasant Smell
- Bactericide, Fungicide, Virucide, Anti- protozoan, Wormicide and Algicide
- Previously washed visually clean surfaces-- 1:200
- Unwashed (scrapped and brushed) surfaces-- 1:100
- Use this solution as
- Impervious Ceilings, walls, etc. - 5 liters / 200m2
- Pervious floors etc. - 5 liters / 100m2
- IMPACT can be applied via pressure washer set at low pressure or a knapsack sprayer in order to wet surfaces without run– off.
- 4 days (recommended twice a week)
Time- tested Water Sanitizer
- Iodophore: Available Iodine 3%
- Phosphoric acid: 200 g
Broad-spectrum virucide, fungicide and bactericide, recommended for water sanitization in poultry farms.
- Drinking water – 0.25ml / lit of water (400 parts)
5 liters, 20 Liters
Slaughter House Sanitizer
A complex blend of Quaternary ammonium compound and nonionic surfactants.
- Highly effective, odour-free, non-staining, non-tainting detergent sanitizer
- Cleans and protects any hard surface without abrasion, bleaching, smell or taint
- Suitable for use on all surfaces: metal, wood, glass, plastic, rubber, and polymer
- Routine cleaning and disinfection of walls and floors
- Safe for sanitation of surfaces in food preparation area
Regular cleaning – 1:160 (30 ml in 5 liters of water)
Heavy Soiling: 1: 50, post scrubbing and wash
Recommended Biosecurity Program with the Montajat Range