Fumonisins in Swine Production

Forum: The Fumonisins and their Deleterious Effects in Swine Production

Published on: 07/07/2008
Author/s : Alberto Gimeno - Technical Consultant in Mycology and Feeding Mycotoxicology
Alberto Gimeno (albertogimeno@mail.telepac.pt)Technical Consultant in Mycology and Feeding Mycotoxicology. Member of the Consulting Committee of Albéitar The fumonisinsThe fumonisins are toxic secondary metabolites, mainly produced by toxicogenic strains of Fusarium moniliforme. The greatest production of fumonisins take place in substrates with water activity, aw, greater than 0.91 and te...
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Dr. Karki Kedar Dr. Karki Kedar
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
July 7, 2008
Very informative, technical work. It needs to be considered as a guide for livestock, poultry management and healthcare, innovative effort too.
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star ALBERTO GIMENO ALBERTO GIMENO
Chemical Engineer
July 8, 2008
Dear Dr. Karki,

As you know, poultry are significantly more resistant than pigs to deleterious effects of fumonisins, specially chickens, ducks and turkeys. Therefore I considered that it was more important refer the problems with fumonisins and the solutions against that mycotoxins in pigs than poultry.

As in the article was mentioned, in August 2006, a publication of the Official Journal of the European Union, recommended a guidance values for fumonisins B1+B2 in swine mixed feed (12% humidity) of 5 ppm, maximum. On the contrary the guidance value recommended for fumonisins B1+B2 in poultry mixed feed (12% humidity) was 20 ppm, maximum (Official Journal of the European Union). You can see the big difference between the two animal species.

Are you really worried with poultry fumonisin problems in your country?

On the other hand, one of the more important subjects in my article was the information about the effectiveness of a special phyllosilicate clay against the fumonisins in pigs, according to the results obtained in the trials (in vivo) which were done by LAMIC in Brazil, as you can see in the article.

That could be a good and effective solution against the fumonisins toxicity in swine production.

The best regards,

Gimeno
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Saikim Gimbang Saikim Gimbang
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
July 9, 2008

Very informative article; I would like to know more on how effective is the use of clay as a toxin binder in the poultry industry, especially in most of the mycotoxins known to be harmful to the birds.
Anybody know the toxicity levels of mycotoxins and heavy metels especially Cu in rabbit?

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star ALBERTO GIMENO ALBERTO GIMENO
Chemical Engineer
July 9, 2008

Dear Mr. Saikim,

About your first question, it depends on the kind of clay to be used. You can ask to the enterprises which are in Engormix publishing advertisements about the clay products against mycotoxins.

Concerning to toxicity levels of mycotoxins in rabbits you can get great information going to my articles entitled:

"Aspergillus Micotoxicosis Comparativa Entre Pollos, Gallinas, Cerdos, Vacas Lecheras y Conejos"

"Fusariomicotoxicosis comparativa entre pollos, gallinas, cerdos, vacas lecheras y conejos"

Which are published in Engormix (section: micotoxinas area: spanish, articulos tecnicos de Alberto Gimeno; ver listado completo de articulos tecnicos)

The problem, perhaps, is the articles to be in Spanish not in English.

Note: Conejos (Spanish) = Rabbits (English)

The best regards.

Gimeno

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star ALBERTO GIMENO ALBERTO GIMENO
Chemical Engineer
July 9, 2008

Dear Mr. Saikim,

You can get some information about de copper toxicity in rabbits going to the complete article (pdf file) entitled: “Copper poisoning in rabbits associated with acute intravascular hemolysis” in the Internet URL: http://jvdi.org/cgi/reprint/8/3/394.pdf

I hope it will be useful for you.

The best regards.

Gimeno

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Dr. Karki Kedar Dr. Karki Kedar
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
July 28, 2008

Respected Alberto G,
thanx for your reply although if we look about the pathogenecity and immunological properties of mycosis and mycotoxicosis specially concern with fumosin which is being produced by a dield fungus fusarium as poultry broiler which is coming up in developing country problem of mycotoxicosis is also coming up as diseases like hemorrhagic proliferative proventriculitis and gizzaed erosion, spiking mortality syndrome in young broiler of age 7-18days, runting and stunting syndrome and malabsorption syndrome in all these conditions poultry health experts are indicating the implication of mycotoxin.

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star ALBERTO GIMENO ALBERTO GIMENO
Chemical Engineer
July 29, 2008

Dear Dr. Karki,

Tell me please, if possible, about the fumonisins (specially fumonisin B1) concentrations which are found in the mixed feeds for poultry in your country.

Regards.

Gimeno

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August 2, 2008

This article about mycotoxins is very educative, highly technical too. FB1 can be compared with Aflatoxin B1 in contaminated Corn and Sorghum in Africa. However,further study is required on the effect of Fumonisins in chicken and fish feeds.

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April 11, 2017
Is there any new scientific data on a direct effects of fumonisins on PRRS, isn't?
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