Advocating a need for suitable breeding approaches to boost integrated pest management: a European perspective

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1 Eco-Innov Research Unit, INRA, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France; 2 Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute – National Research Institute, Radzikow, 05-870 Blonie, Poland; 3 Wageningen University & Research centre, Biointeractions and Plant Health, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands; 4 UMR BFP INRA-Université de Bordeaux, Equipe de Virologie, CS20032, 33882 Villenave d’Ornon, France; 5 UMR GQE – Le Moulon, INRA, Univ Paris-Sud, CNRS, AgroParisTech, Université Paris Saclay, F-91190, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; 6 Group ecological Plant Protection, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences, University of Kassel. Norbahnhofstr. 1 a, D-37213 Witzenhausen, Germany; 7 Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland; 8 Estonian Crop Research Institute, J. Aamisepa 1, 48309 Jõgeva, Estonia; 9 Aarhus University, Department of Agroecology, Forsoegsvej 1, 4200 Slagelse, Denmark; 10 Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd, Szeged, Hungary; 11 Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Wladyslawa Wegorka Street. 20, 60-318 Poznan, Poland; 12 Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute – National Research Institute, Department of Potato Genetics and Parental Lines, Platanowa 19, 05-831 Mlochów, Poland.


Abstract

Currently, European farmers do not have access to sufficient numbers and diversity of crop species/varieties. This prevents them from designing cropping systems more resilient to abiotic and biotic stresses. Crop diversification is a key lever to reduce pest (pathogens, animal pests and weeds) pressures at all spatial levels from fields to landscapes. In this context, plant breeding should consist of: (1) increased efforts in the development of new or minor crop varieties to foster diversity in cropping systems, and (2) focus on more resilient varieties showing local adaptation. This new breeding paradigm, called here ‘breeding for integrated pest management (IPM)’, may boost IPM through the development of cultivars with tolerance or resistance to key pests, with the goal of reducing reliance on conventional pesticides. At the same time, this paradigm has legal and practical implications for future breeding programs, including those targeting sustainable agricultural systems. By putting these issues into the context, this article presents the key outcomes of a questionnaire survey and experts' views expressed during an EU workshop entitled ‘Breeding for IPM in sustainable agricultural systems’. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.

 

Abstract published in Pest Management Science, 04 December 2017. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.4818.


 
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