Efficacy of natural herbal formulation against acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) causing Vibrio parahaemolyticus in penaeus vannamei
Rajeev Kumar Jha, PhD1*; Haig Yousep Babikian, PhD1; Haig Yousef Babikian, MSc2; Le Van Khoa, PhD3; Daniel Wisoyo, BSc1; Sarayut Srisombat, MSc1; Benjamin Jiaravanon, MSc1. / 1 PT Central Proteina Prima, Indonesia; 2 Panacea Natural Sciences, Indonesia; 3 Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam.
INTRODUCTIONThe acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) has affected shrimp farming in several countries, like, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Mexico and in Philipines.1-6 The unique symptoms and characteristics of this disease consisting of massive sloughing of hepatopancreas epithelial cells. The external symptoms in infected shrimp like, empty stomach, bluish body color and shrunken...