Engormix/Animal Feed/Technical articles

What are the innovative ingredients of the future in animal nutrition?

Published on: 7/7/2021
Author/s : Ing. Joaquín A. Paulino, Research Professor ISA University; Dr. Amable Vásquez, Dean ISA University.
Summary:
- A growing population that we have to feed by 2050, approximately 9,000 million inhabitants.
- Climate change, global warming, atmospheric phenomena (Hurricanes, floods, prolonged drought that drastically affects grain crops).
- Overfishing in our seas that are decimating and extinguishing some marine species.
What are the innovative ingredients of the future in animal nutrition? - Image 1
What are the innovative ingredients of the future in animal nutrition? - Image 2
  
Innovative ingredients of the future emerge from this scenario scalable at industrial and commercial level:
a) Protein sources:
  • Insect meal 50-60% Crude Protein
  • Macro and microalgae flour 30-50% Crude Protein
  • Unicellular Protein or Single Cell Protein SCP (Bacterial Protein), 45-55% Crude Protein
Cricket Flour
What are the innovative ingredients of the future in animal nutrition? - Image 1
 
Seaweed Flour
What are the innovative ingredients of the future in animal nutrition? - Image 2
 
Single-cell protein meal (Bacterial)
What are the innovative ingredients of the future in animal nutrition? - Image 3
 
b) Energy sources:
  • Insect oil
  • Seaweed oil
Note: They can replace 100% vegetable oil in animal diets.
Insect oil
What are the innovative ingredients of the future in animal nutrition? - Image 4
 
Seaweed oil
What are the innovative ingredients of the future in animal nutrition? - Image 5
 
C) Ingredients to reduce costs of diets:
1-Enzymes:
  • Proteases
  • Phytases
  • Alpha-amylases
  • Xylanases
  • Beta-glucanases
  • Beta-mannanases
  • Lipases
2-Industrial amino acids:
  • L-Methionine
  • L-lysine
  • L-threonine
  • L-Valine
  • L-Isoleucine
  • L-Arginine
  • L-histidine
  • L-Glycine
Conclusions:
Investors are interested in industrial-scale production of these innovative ingredients not only for animal consumption, also for humans.
Human food waste (food scraps, food waste, supermarkets, etc.), should be processed (Autoclaved) and used in animal diets worldwide to avoid contamination of the environment.
Research is underway to convert cellulose from wood in starch but the cost is very high.
Consumers are embracing these ingredients in their diets.
 
Author/s :
 
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