Foetal Wastage in Cattle, Camel, Sheep and Goats in Birnin Kebbi Modern Abattoir, Nigeria

Published on: 05/16/2020
Author/s : Garba, A. 1, Ahmed, A. 1, Ambursa, A.U. 2, Barde, J.I. 3, Abdulazeez, N.O. 4, Suleiman, U. 5, Suleiman, A. 7, Danjuma, H.U. 4, Usman B. U. 6, Maurice, N.A 3 and Atuman, Y.J. 3.

INTRODUCTION Nigeria is the world’s most populous black nation with over 140 million people (13), however, with relatively low number of food animals to the teaming population (5). Demographic figures indicate that there are 13.9 million heads of cattle, 22.1 million sheep, 34.5 million goats and 800,000 camels in Nigeria (7). The meat and milk obtained from these animals constitute the maj...

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dr. jamil .m. dr. jamil .m.
Veterinary Doctor
May 16, 2020

The figures shown in the study are very high in terms of economic loss on the short run and more in losing the female portion of the lost fetuses on the long run.
In all the abattoirs it is not allowed to slaughter the females unless authorised by the veterinary officer in charge.
To save that loss this law must be implemented.
Furthermore, now it is easy to diagnose pregnancies in the small and large animals by ultrasound, a simple, not expensive and easy to apply tool.
All what is needed is to enforce the law.

Abdul Qader Samsor Abdul Qader Samsor
DVM, diploma in animal production
September 13, 2020
In my opinion this percentage is high, i will raise my points as bellow:
1- pregnancy diagnosis is very important, specially in Eidul azha or other festivals, it should be a program for this purpose, for small ruminants ultrasound is easy way.
2. good extension training programs for Farmers, butchers/ slaughter houses is essential.
3- research program must be available ,
4- reduction of slaughtering days for instance instead full week days probably five - four days in a weak, the animal should be reserved, increase the vegetable consumption, and lentils??
Prof. Dr Gaber Ahmed MEGAHED Prof. Dr Gaber Ahmed MEGAHED
Prof. Dr Theriogenology , Physiology of reproduction and Embryo transfer in farm animals and
October 25, 2020

I agree with the opinion of dr. jamil.m. the numbers in the study are very high.
In all countries of the world there is an examination of female animals before slaughtering, and it is not permissible to slaughter females in all slaughterhouses except after examination by the competent veterinarian.
If the female is pregnant, she is not permitted to slaughter. Likewise, in the law on massacres, there is a law for forced slaughter even if the female is pregnant.
To overcome the high numbers in this study in terms of economic losses, the following must be done:
1- Continuous training for massacre doctors on acquiring the skills of diagnosing pregnancy through the rectum and then using sonar.
2 - Training doctors on how to deal with the owners of cases that will be slaughtered.
3- Instructing doctors in massacres on the importance of implementing laws by slaughtering.
Based on all the above, training veterinarians in slaughterhouses to determine female pregnancy before slaughter and to implement the law leads to saving that loss resulting from the slaughter of pregnant females.

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