July 1, 2015
It’s refreshing to see the sharing of information from the comments in this forum, regarding suggestions for treatment of Poultry Drinking Water.
I concur with Dr Ali’s comments regarding Ozone treatment, and that Chlorine Dioxide Cl02 and chlorinated water with chlorine are found much for effective. My experience in the field working with and assisting many different companies and poultry growers, both in the US and internationally, have found that Chlorinated water is still the least expensive effective application.
However, as Dr. Ali mentioned, is highly dependent on the proper pH and ORP, to insure the chlorine is being converted from Hypochlorite ions to Hypochlorous acid. Unfortunately, Hypochlorous acid is a weak acid and tends to undergo partial disassociation, where pH is critical in determining the direction of its equilibrium. The lower the pH, the more HOCl is formed, and the greater the germicidal effect. Ie: Treated water at a pH of 8 only has 27.69% Hypochlorous Acid, (bacteria killing power) in its solution, and with a solution of a pH of 6, rises to a highly effective 97.45% Hypochlorous Acid solution. This is done with an acidulant being added to the solution to lower the pH and raise the ORP to 600+ (mV), for optimum results.
I am open to share a Power Point Presentation with anyone, with more detailed information on this subject. Just drop me an email, and I’ll forward it to you to review. firstname.lastname@example.org
We utilize a unique inorganic ion blend acid formula to lower the pH, called Acidic Calcium Sulfate, aka LpH 100, and previously marketed as FreshFlo 100. This is a USDA Approved Kosher food ingredient/pH adjuster & animal drinking water acidulant. Its a liquid concentrate requiring no mixing, at a pH less than 1, but is safe to handle, unlike other harsh acids, and is cost effective. Has NO organoleptic issues. Therefore, it doesn’t have any off-taste or odors, allowing the poultry to readily consume the water. It is also safe near human drinking water wells. The presentation available also explains this chemistry and shows graphs of the pH and ORP relationship to HOCl, and a parts of an analysis from Dr. Susan Watkins on Various Water pH on Chick Grow Out, using Acidic Calcium Sulfate, aka FreshFlo/LpH 100.
However, as Dr. Ali also pointed out, although more expensive to use, Chlorine Dioxide is very effective, and have many more benefits over chlorinate water, and can be utilized in countries where chlorine is not. And as Rashid Mamood commented, that Ozone needs to be precise, and perhaps too technical for smaller operations. Whereas, a simple 2 product, non-electric, hands free, cost efficient, Automatic Activations Non Electric (AANE) delivery system, would be a great solution. ClO2 is not corrosive like chlorine and is not highly dependent on pH.
However, an acid is necessary to activate the Sodium Chlorite, as directed on labels of EPA registered products, such as ProOxine from BioCide International and Anthium Dioxide from DuPont. Both companies have tested and supported the use of Acidic Calcium Sulfate as the Activator for Sodium Chlorite, to produce Chlorine Dioxide ClO2 for optimum results. Best Veterinary Solutions, a distributor of ProOxine, provides a sanitation program for its customers, and has tested many acidulants for over a year, and found that Acidic Calcium Sulfate (ACS) is the activator of choice, with the most added benefits, such as removing Biofilm Slime and maintain clear poultry water drinking nipples and drinking water lines, with no taste or odor issues. I have a copy of their detailed study also available for review, which is very informative, but much too long to add to these already lengthy comments. Please contact me by email to request same at llhotta@ACSProductInfo.com, or for any other additional studies I can share.
Larry L'Hotta, Application Specialist/MBA Marketing
ACS Technology Inc. Web: acsproductinfo.com