Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality

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Date: Monday, March 13, 2017
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Tom Tabler, Extension Professor at Mississippi State University, shared advice on management practices, composting, lighting and water quality, during IPPE 2017 in Atlanta, USA.

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khaliphani
Student
Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
20/04/2017 |

Thank you so much for such detailed information.

I am from Zimbabwe, where grass is commonly used by farmers as litter, however, it has been observed that when litter is not changed in a single scale high morality rate is experienced, what could be the cause of high mortality rate.

Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
20/04/2017 | Chlorine dioxide works well against biofilms. However, most poultry growers are more familiar with H2O2 and understand it better. Also, H2O2 is less dangerous and more readily available where most growers buy their sanitation/disinfection products. However, chlorine dioxide does a very good job....you just have to be more careful with it and it is harder to find at the local poultry supply or other local store where most growers buy their materials.
S S R Ayyangar
Director, Synergy Biorefineries Pvt Ltd ,
Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
20/04/2017 |

The bed material instead of rice husk, grass, etc., it is better to collect Rice Husk Ash or bagasse Ash and put on the ground and allow litter to be collected. To prevent the birds from diseases, it is better to remove occasionally with the above materials. Husk ash acts as semi-activated carbon absorbs foul odours, moisture and prevent ammonia smell.

Regarding water purification, don't use chlorine based chemicals as they destroy both useful and harmful bacteria. The immune power will be affected.

Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
23/04/2017 | Hi Mr. Tabler:

What do you recommend for effective water sanitation in poultry houses. We are on a water sanitation program with our customers and we use NaDCC in effervescent tablet form for water sanitation. Do you have any organic alternative suggestion for this?

Regards,

AR Baldovino
CEO
Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
24/04/2017 | Chlorine bleach is probably the most common poultry water sanitizer used in the U.S. It is reasonably inexpensive and easily obtained and handled. However, the presence of a biofilm or organic matter will challenge its effectiveness. NaDCC is a good alternative to bleach. NaDCC tablets are popular with hikers and backpackers and outdoor adventurers as well as in emergency water treatment situations....less so with poultry growers here because bleach is less expensive. If a biofilm in the water lines is a concern, many growers use a stabilized, concentrated hydrogen peroxide product. You will likely need a strong oxidizer to cut the biofilm loose. Chlorine alone will not be strong enough. Some growers have run iodine in the past. Inorganic iodine is a more effective disinfectant than organic iodine. However, iodine requires a higher dosing level to achieve the same effect as chlorine. Many growers in the U.S. today use gas chlorination systems. Gas chlorination is more expensive (and more dangerous) than chlorine bleach but it does a very good job.
S S R Ayyangar
Director, Synergy Biorefineries Pvt Ltd ,
Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
24/04/2017 | Instead of following echo dangerous things ,it is better to update echo free methods which will not disturb the immune system .By following synthetic chemicals and antibiotics till now Environment disturbed and we are facing diseases ..Everybody should try alternatives and lot of research is to be done in view of future generations . Chlorinated phenol and chlorinated amine may be formed by chlorinating drinking water which are carcinogenic may be present.
Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
24/04/2017 | Hi Tom:

Thank you for the insights. All the best!

Regards
Andrew Sivaram
Animal Nutritionist
Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
25/04/2017 | Dear Khaliphani,

I have had a few cases where the litter from the previous flock could not be removed fast enough from the barns before the next batch of chicks arrived and stocked. We observed that such chicks would easily get infected with Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro) virus. Beside IBD, other resistant viruses which can persist in the litter are Reovirus and Adenovirus. All these viruses are very immunosuppressive and may contribute to the elevated mortality that you experience.
Andrew Sivaram
Animal Nutritionist
Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
25/04/2017 | Dear AR Baldovino,

Ozone gas can be a suitable alternative. There are companies that specialise in manufacturing and installing ozone generating machines for water sterilisation as required by food companies and other industries. It may be pretty expensive but this should ensure that you don't get any unwanted chemical residues in your system.
G P
G P
General Manager
Re: Tom Tabler discusses poultry litter and water quality
25/04/2017 | Ozone is successfully being used for sanitising bird drinking water as well as maintaining biofilm free drinking lines in Australian farms....my company has been providing such systems for many years and the cost is not prohibitive when installed correctly.
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