Thank you so much for such detailed information. I am from Zimbabwe, where grass is commonly used by farmers as litter, however, it has been observed that when litter is not changed in a single scale high morality rate is experienced, what could be the cause of high mortality rate.
The bed material instead of rice husk, grass, etc., it is better to collect Rice Husk Ash or bagasse Ash and put on the ground and allow litter to be collected. To prevent the birds from diseases, it is better to remove occasionally with the above materials. Husk ash acts as semi-activated carbon absorbs foul odours, moisture and prevent ammonia smell.Regarding water purification, don't use chlorine based chemicals as they destroy both useful and harmful bacteria. The immune power will be affected.
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