I always appreciate good articles about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets. This is surely one of them. I would say to the writer "thank you".
Dear Sir, An excellent and practical article about Breeder Diets. Congratulation for such article.
These type of articles are always appreciated as these can be applied on the flocks to get maximum results. Thanks and regards. Dr. Munawar Ali
Hi. A very interesting article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets. I would like to know the vitamins occurring in my home mix and what should be added. The mix is:- 6 parts steam rolled barley, 3 parts rolled oats, 1 part wheat, 1 part black sunflower seed, 1 part soaked pelleted alfalfa, (in 2 parts water) 1 part Soy meal. (43% protein). For the breeding season it ill be 2 parts Soy. Thank you, keep well.
Dear Sir, An excellent and practical article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets. Congratulations for such article. These types of articles are always appreciated as these can be applied on the flocks to get maximum results. Thanks and regards. Dr. Ibrahim Ahmed Ahmed
The article is very informative and useful for Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets, but the composition levels mentioned for breeders is sufficient? Market usage levels for Breeders is very high compared to your composition levels eg. Vitamin A 12800 IU/Kg as you have mentioned whereas every breeder is using 25000IU/Kg. Please clarify.
Thank you sir, for the valuable information on Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets. Here in India the levels are even higher. In fact, we -the nutritionists in India- always feel that the breeders recommendations are much lower. Does the vitamin levels requirement depend on the geographical location of the farming, as most of the breeders recommendations are based on ideal conditions? Dr Manju
This article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets will certainly help the nutritionist to reconsider his premix formulation and to reduce the ever increasing cost of production. Good article backed with excellent research data.
This article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets is very practical and educative. It addresses the core problem of breeders management and performance expectation here in the tropics. The various factors affecting vitamin potency are many in Africa and tropical enviroment and this article provide urgent solution to this problem. I congratulate this author for such an interesting and educative article. Thanks. Dr Stephen Adejoro
Congratulations, it'ss a good article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets, very specific and with focus in the real practic, I really enjoyed it.
Dear Dr./Mr. Steve Leeson, Details are informative article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets, as you have provided comparative data. Thanks. Can I request you to provide any standard protocols for Assay of critical vitamins in a premix formulation or any comparative standards to infer an assayed data of various vitamins in premix formulation? Dr Romila Vetcare - India
An enlightening article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets !! It is very useful to breeder farmers. In our region, Vitamin A is recommended @ 25000 IU/Kg by nutritionist. The dose may vary due to geographical diversity as nutrient constituents of raw may vary due to geographical location. Thanks for an educative article.
Definitely a very precise and informative article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets. I wish to add requirement of various vitamins for broiler breeders is affected by many situations and are to be continuously monitored based on local conditions. For example total vitamin C required increases manifolds during extreme summer temperature of 45 degrees celsius and beyond, in North India. Same is true for many other vitamins and minerals. Apart from weather conditions there are many other factors which influence these requirements.
Very good article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets. It is a practical guide for veterinarians and breeders. As quoted by others, requirement of (especially) vitamin A and C is much more in India. Particularly in south India where temperature crosses 48 degrees Celsius in summer season.
I would like to thank Steve Leeson for his excellent article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets. I wish to also bring across to the readers of this forum of the potential benefits of using oregano essential oil for its antioxidant properties to protect vitamins in breeder feed. It is a well known fact that the main cause of loss of activity in vitamins comes from a process known as oxidation, due to the exposure of vitamins to oxygen. This can easily be reversed with the use of suitable antioxidants in feed. Then there is the question of what type of antioxidants to use in feed. Antioxidants for feed can be categorised into two main groups, the synthetic antioxidants and the natural antioxidants. Synthetic chemicals such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and ethoxyquin are widely used as preservatives but have been linked to liver and kidney dysfunctions as well as allergies and immune system disorders. Ethoxyquin is a chemical preservative and possible carcinogenic. It is regulated by the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) as a pesticide. While ethoxyquin cannot be used in human foods, it continues to be used in livestock feeds around the world. Ethoxyquin has been found to promote kidney carcinogenesis and significantly increase the incidence of stomach tumuors and enhanced bladder carcinogenesis, according to several studies, including a recent one by the Department of Pathology, Nagoya City University Medical School, Japan. Due to the increased public awareness of the importance of food safety, there is increasing pressure from consumers to discontinue the use of such synthetic chemicals as feed preservatives in livestock feeds. Therefore, the search for suitable antioxidants derived from natural sources have turned the interest of the industry towards plants and essential oils, which have been known to possess high levels of antioxidant properties for a long time now. According to Joseph Mercola, whose findings were published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry in November 2001, oregano was the herb with the highest antioxidant activity, with 3 to 20 times higher antioxidant activity, compared to all the other herbs studied. On a per gram fresh weight basis, oregano ranked even higher in antioxidant activity than fruits and vegetables which are known to be high in antioxidants. In comparison to the antioxidant activities of a few fruits and vegetables, oregano had 42 times more antioxidant activity than apples, 30 times more than potatoes, 12 times more than oranges and 4 times more than blueberries. An example of an oregano essential oil product is Orego-Stim, produced by Meriden Animal Health Limited (UK). The phenolic compounds within such a product, carvacrol and thymol, are bioflavonoids that act as powerful antioxidants. These help combat free-radical damage, while protecting cells, lipids & vitamins such as A, C and E from the process of peroxidation. An evaluation of antioxidant activities of different substances and the margin of deterioration of oxidation by UVA – VIS radiation showed that the antioxidant activity of oregano essential oil was higher than those of coriander and rosemary at various concentrations. In fact, it was even higher than ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and d-alpha tocopherol (vitamin E). This shows that because carvacrol and thymol are more reactive, they will sacrifice themselves in the presence of a free radical in the peroxidation process, thus protecting valuable antioxidant vitamins and increasing their bioavailability as nutrients for breeder birds dietary use. As the author has mentioned, the two highest costing vitamins as vitamins A and E. With the use of oregano essential oils, this not only enables lower inclusion levels of these vitamins and thus lowers the cost of vitamin inclusion in breeder feed, but it also provides better breeder performance in terms of egg production, egg quality, hatchability and feed conversion efficiency. Due to its antibacterial properties, it also offers protection from intestinal disease, reduces incidences of diarrhoea and decreases mortality rates.
this is a wonderful article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets wuith special focus on the vitamin requirement of breeder. thanks you very much. however i wish to know whether these recommended vitamin inclusion level will guarantee excellent performance in nigeria which is a tropical country. thanks
informative article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets.
Dear Frients This article the lot of information about the vitamin level to the poultry. The takehome messages are lot in this article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets Regards. Dr.D.Desinguraja
Dr.Steven, Thanx for this informative and practical article about Vitamin Levels in Breeder Diets and vitamin requirements some what vary with geographical conditions.please share some information about some protocols to assay vitamins availability in a premix.