Hello, I’m discussing with my colleagues at the Pork Institute which is the best feeding strategy for piglets, from birth to reproduction. Your opinions will be taken into consideration in our study. Thank you Dr. Taylor
Dr. Taylor, I believe that to build a piglet feeding program one must first look at management practices and current production levels in the system. Questions such as 1.) Is the birth to wean death loss large enough to apply a milk replacer feeding stratagy? There are several stratagies that may be used, dependent upon production levels and economics (ie.. contract piglet pricing or retained ownership) . 2.) How much variance is there in piglet wt. at weaning? Age and weight at weaning are important factors in determining piglet nutritional requirements. Physiologically there is a large difference in the level of development of the digestive system in weaned piglets. A 10lb piglet is at a different development level than a 12 lb piglet, and should be fed accordingly. An 8 lb piglet is even less developed. Also what health challenges are present in the herd, ie E-coli, cocci, or other pathogens. There is not one nutrition strategy that works in all production systems, due to individual system variences. There are also numerous new technologies available in the swine nutrition industry today that werent available even 4-5 yrs ago. Some show huge gain and feed efficiency improvements. A 4-6% improvement in nursury feed conversion efficiency equates to approximatly 5% reduction in nursury product sales for a commercial feed manufacturer. Not something the sales and marketing departments are looking to bring forward in todays economic environment in the swine industry in the USA. Dan L. McDermott DLM Mkting Bringing Nutrition Technology to Practice
Hi folks, Henry Rosolowski from Manitoba, Canada. Good article about piglet feeding. This is probably my favourite area of swine production for several reasons. Although all areas are important, this particular area, how well the sows are fed, what type of energy, protein and milking additives are used in the feed, whether the feed contains products like Bio-Mos, do myco-toxins exist in the feed, what is the oldest day the piglets can be weaned, how well were the sows farrowed, are details of farrowing required properly...mainlly those. Right here right now can determine how fast all the pigs get to market, how well that mama sow returns to estrus, will determine if this operation is being managed with profitable goals in mind, or just a job. So yea this is a great question. If your sow is being managed properly and fed right, you should be weaning 19 day old pigs that are inform and all have a minimum weight of 15 lbs/each. When they are weaned like this a lot of expensive 1st stage feed is not required and will not help growth. Growing patterns are established early. If you want to talk to an expert in this area talk to Mark Peters of Manitoba, this is also his favourite production area. 204-791-4079
Hi to all, Always a good start is a good finish…….. Environment, Health and Nutrition are as the musketeers, “one for all and all for one. We need to understand the following point to have good results • Understand the growth potential of the pigs. See weaning age and variation of age and weight at weaning. According with this we can make a plan of piglet feeding budget, health plan and management of variation for a good environment for this quality of pigs. • Economics is the king to have a success of a production system. The programs mentioned above have to be evaluated with cost benefit. Remember that is a different ways to pill a potato, we need to choose the most that fit to our situation. • Understanding what is the transition. One of the major stressors for the pig is the sudden change from liquid diet to solid diet and all happen when the pig is placed in a new environment and mixed where hi has to fight. The first 3 days is very important for management. Nutrition we have to develop diets that help during this transition. An also we need to understand the morphologic change in the intestines that we have to manage and do not provoke health problems. • We need to understand the pig behavior. Stock person is essential to understand the natural behavior. We need to have a good management plan to receive pigs during the first week (water, feed and environment). • Nutrition. The first week after weaning is crucial in nursery management. It is the period of adaptation of the young pig. The nutrition program that we chose is essential to minimize the stress on the adaptation. Use adequate nutrients to help in the digestion of a changing morphology of the intestine. • A good record keeping system. This is very important for a continuous improvement. If you know you can change, if you guess you will be lost.