Login o register me
Discussion created on 03/08/2010

PIG FARM IN GHANA

Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA

I have a 40 acre farm in Ghana, West Africa which I am plannig of turning into a PIG production enterprise. I am actively seeking professional recommendations as how to commence the project on a industrial scale. My goal is to have a farm where i will produce and process to the market. These are the areas that i require suggestions:

1. the number of sow that i need to start a successful operation
2. modern design of housing for the pigs
3. the type of breed that will withstand the tropics
4. equipments required for slaughtering, processing and etc
5. development of feeding on the farm
6. best practices to make this operation an investment winner

I will welcome any comments that will lead me to gathher as much information for me to begin the project.
It is slated to start in july of this year. thanks for all your inputs.

thanks
Opoku

Opoku Agyeman
Canada
Business Development Manager
(12568)
(14)
Noni
down arrow
Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Agriculturist
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
04/19/2010 |

I would believe to start a pig farm you need to put a floor plan together...how much you want to out lay in the initial stages will depend on your size....gather together some idea of what you want to sell, and how many you want to sell per week, fortnight or monthly.
You need also to know what pig prices are doing....you do want to make a profit....not a loss!

What you intend to feed them and how much storage you require. Whether you crush yourself or you use pellets. You need to find out how available the products such as grain and pellets are and the cost of both and weigh up which one to use. Different storage for grain and pellets. What you intend to use for a drinker system and for water storage. Whether you are on the main line from town or do you have to put a bore down or do you have a dam or a natural spring. How much water is there to accommodate all the pigs you intend to produce.

What type of fence structure you are going to errect. 2 line hot wire system or a ringlock and hot wire system. Whether you run it as a block of 1 hectare units or in a radial system.

If you want to run say 100 sows then you need to put sows in 25 - 30 for hectare. So you need 4 pens of 1 hectare each to house your pigs. You can have them on troughs for drinking water. You can house them in a tunnel house structure made of bent pipe with tarp over the top to keep out the wet weather and to give them shade. You need a wallow also in each pen. Feed the sows on the ground.

Can have boars and mate naturally or you can also use AI as well. You then have to manipulate your breeding program.

For growers you need also to work on 1 hectare blocks.....a set of yards and a small shelter off these yards to house the weaners for a day or two till mum has forgotton about them. then be able to shift them to a 1 hectare pen to begin their growth to pork or to back. I would work on a 1 hectare paddock for each mob. So I would probably have say 4 or 5 pens.
All with a tunnel house structure mae of bent pipe with tarp over the top to keep out the wet weather and to give shem shae. You nedd to have them on a trough and also a wallow. Feed in self feeders to allow a little and often.

I would allocate 4 1 hectare pens to farrowing, with 6 huts in each pen. Wean every 3 weeks. Make these with cool room panalling to give a little more relief to the pigs from the hot humid conditions. Feed pigs in troughs and water in troughs. Make a wallow that is shallow so little pigs dont drown.

Yards need to be a little bit firmer.....made of pipe. There are many diagrams on the internet and the one that suits will be of your choice or make one up.

Lane ways are an important tool in an out door setting.....make them wisely in your design.

If you use the radial then you have one lane way in and out with a set of yards in the middle of the radial. Each of the pens runs down to the middle. You feed from the outside and the wallows an drinkers are on the outer edge of the radial. The inner is just used to move pigs around. Make this as big or as small as you wish. Can have even sized pens or uneven sized pens. Run dry sows in them and growers in them. Have them with 2 wires (cheaper option) or with ringlock (dearer option).

Set your yards where pigs dont have to walk miles to get to them, or you might set up a second set later to suit.

Set your farrowing pens away from the radials/blocks of 1 hectare to allow a quiet peaceful time with their piglets.

Equipment: Tractors, mills, augers ( pencil and standard), truck and crate
Silos, feeders, gates, electric fence unit.

Do you want to become organic? Do you want to become Free Range or are you going to go Indoor production?

(4)
(0)
down arrow
Thailand
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
04/20/2010 |

Your first limit is the 40 acers to making the commercial pigfarm, I suggest you make a plan making the size of pig production are 500 sows of pigs that you can produce the fatten pigs are 25-30 pigs per day.you make 5x100 of sows farmhouse. Which can make the small piglets (15 -25 kgs) about 200 pigs per 1 week and you make the fatten pigsfarm sizes 200 pigs x 16 fatten pig farm houses, so you can sell out the 100 kgs of pigs about 200 pigs per 1 week. About the technology of farm house the best is evaporationsystem farm house but you should be think of the quality of electric system can support the evaporation or not if not sure you can make the open air farm house.

APICHART UNNANAN

(0)
(0)
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
04/20/2010 |
STEP A.- the most important thing to start an investment project is to determine COMMERCIAL VUABILITY or market analysis

1.-product demand
2.-If DEMAND is sustained
3.- increasing or decreasing on time
4.-if WE HAVE competition and what percent of our future market they have
From this analysis we get the AMOUNT of INCOME for each period of the project

STEP B.-The following step is to determine the TECHNICAL VIABILITY (your question)

Its to analyze requirements of infraestructure, machinery, materials,supplies etc.
this means,physical construction of the investment project(construction and operation)
with this analysis we get the INVESTMENT PROJECT AMOUNT...

WITHOUT FIRST ANALYSIS (STEP A).....You may not obtain DATA AND INFORMATION NECESSARY TO ESTABLISH THE SECOND ANALYSIS (STEP B).....

Greetings

I hope my opinion helps a bit
(0)
(0)
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
04/20/2010 |

Hallo Sir,

I think one mistake first time pig producers make is this idea of starting a big production unit without a good understanding of the risks involved.

We should not forget that a lot of money is invested in piggery projects. The size of your piggery unit you want to have will only be clear after you have some experience with your existing small and manageable pig farm. I would avise you to start small and grow gradually. 

Avoid the common mistake of ploughing too much money into structures and only to realise at a later stage that the infrastructure is lying idle, whilst at the same time you are problems taking care of the pigs.

Even the meat processing unit you are talking about will just fit into your project growth smoothly, at a laterstage. I hope you a Farm Plan in which you have set targets and timeline.

I wish you the best of luck

(3)
(0)
Eduardo Jose Kwiecien
down arrow
Maracay, Aragua, Venezuela
Veterinary Doctor
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
06/28/2010 |

Dear Mr. Opoku Agyeman

Planning a new pig farm begining from zero is a matter where you need get all kind of information regarding official rules to build a pigfarm, information from the enviromental point view, then get information about consumption or demand of slaughter pigs to focus how are the opportunities to success in this enterprise.
Know the climate sorrounding the area where you go to build the farm. This is important to tha material to build floor, walls evern the ceiling. So, is necesary be prepare to get a lot information about pig production before begining your plan.


Have good luck

(0)
(0)
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
06/12/2011 |

i am an agriculture graduate from Nepal, I want to start a pig farm in Nepal, I dont have the idea about the feeding practices and prevention and control of the diseases occuring in the pig. I am looking for quick help on this matter. I am starting the pig farm with 20 piglets initially and make it large within a year.

(1)
(0)
Noni
down arrow
Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Agriculturist
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
06/19/2011 | you need to talk to a nutritionist about you diets
you also need talk to a vet
www.portecaustralia.com is a good wen web site uyo look at
(1)
(0)
Yel
down arrow
Yel
Netherlands
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
06/28/2011 | Maybe you can contact Klasse Ki in the Netherlands.
Ask for mister Derks maybe he can help you with some information.

Best Regards,

Yelleke
(0)
(0)
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
01/26/2012 |

i would like to start commercial farming in Zambia but i don't know where to start from and how?
best regards,
Brian Chitalu

(0)
(0)
Noni
down arrow
Perth, Western Australia, Australia
Agriculturist
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
01/27/2012 | you need to have a read around. Decide on what type of pig, what type of market. How you are going to house them. What you are going to feed them. Do you have any one close by that can allow you to view what they are doing?
(0)
(0)
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
02/28/2012 |

really, the pig farm is one of profitable business, year by year demand is increasing. this is live stock business, and pig are very sensible, they are affected by cold or hot tempreture very soon. protective measure should be strictly implementation. this way we can eradicate lot problem creating due to minor mistake in take care.i think we pay more attention on diet, physical structure, fresh water and right tempreture 


if you strictly monitor the operation, lot of problems which pig business are facing can be reduced considerable.
thank
madhu shanker

(0)
(0)
Karim Nathani
down arrow
Nairobi, Nairobi Area, Kenia
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
05/06/2012 |

Dear noni,
i would like to start a pig farm and would like some advice from you my email address is nathanik21@gmail.com..
please write to me so that you can help me with the experience you have gained so that i can avoid making mistakes from your helpful wisdom.
thank you
Karim

(0)
(0)
Sylvia Kpangkpari
down arrow
Cape Coast, Central, Ghana
CEO
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
09/28/2012 |

I want to start pig farming next year. I do not have much money, I want to start small and grow my farm gradually.
What would be the type of structures to use.how do I manage my farm. I also know feeding constitutes about 70% of the cost of production,what plants can I grow on the farm that would serve as feed.

Sylvia

(0)
(0)
Puspa Raj Pandey
down arrow
Kathmandu, Bagmati, Nepal
Agriculturist
Re: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA
02/24/2013 |

I want to start a pig farm in Nepal, I dont have the idea about the feeding practices and prevention and control of the diseases occuring in the pig and way of controlling smell. I am starting the pig farm with 100 piglets initially and make it large within a year. And which is the best species for the meat purpose and which produces more piglets. and I want some information on construction and structure of pig hoses. I am looking for quick help on this matter.

(0)
(0)
(12568)
(14)
Would you like to discuss about this topic: Forum: HOW TO START A COMMERCIAL PIG FARM IN GHANA?
Engormix reserves the right to delete and/or modify comments. See more details

Comments that contain the following items won´t be published:

  • Repeated spelling mistakes.
  • Advertisements, Web sites and/or e-mail addresses.
  • Questions or answers not relevant to the topic discussed in the Forum.
POST A COMMENT
Create new discussion :
If this discussion does not cover topics of interest or raises new questions, you can create another discussion.
Consult a professional in private:
If you have a specific problem you can perform a consultation privately to a professional in our community.
Paul Walker Thompson
Paul Walker Thompson
Teacher/ Former Hog Farm Worker
  Brownfield, Texas, United States
Members who viewed this were also interested in Pellet size and piggery business plan
INTRODUCTION Currently the potential impact of manure on the environment rep...
 
Introduction Good quality air will provide a healthier environment for pigs ...
Thanks for very useful dates! Its show of the weak side of desinfection procedu...
 
good discussion and sharing idea regarding weaning days.some one argue for 14 da...
Professional Services
Paul Walker Thompson Paul Walker Thompson
Brownfield, Texas, United States
Jonathan Robert Bergstrom Jonathan Robert Bergstrom
Marshall, Missouri, United States
Scott Webster Scott Webster
Northfield, Minnesota, United States
    |    
Copyright © 1999-2014 Engormix.com - All Rights Reserved