Re: Forum: Maximun tolerable concentrations of some mycotoxins
Dear Mr. Swamy,
I forgot to tell you about some references concerning to my previous comments, as follow:
.- About DON levels (Broilers) of 15 and 50 ppm:
Romer, T.R. (1983). Feedstuffs. April 11, pp.30-31.
Halloran, H.R. (1983). Feedstuffs. May 2, p. 18
.- About DON level (Broilers) of 16 ppm:
Dersjant-Li, Y. Verstegen, MW. Gerrits WJ. (2003). “The impact of low concentrations of aflatoxin, deoxynivalenol or fumonisin in diets on growing pigs and poultry”. Nutr. Res- Rev. Dec16(2):223-239.
Animal Nutrition Group, Department of Animal Science, Wageningen UniversityPO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Harvey, RB. Kubena, LF. Rottinghaus, GE. Turk, JR. Casper, HH. Buckley SA. (1997). “Moniliformin from Fusarium fujikuroi culture material and deoxynivalenol from naturally contaminated wheat incorporated into diets of broiler chicks”. Avian Dis.Oct-Dec41(4):957-963.
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Food Animal Protection Research Laboratory, College Station, TX 77845, USA.
.- About DON level (Ducks) of 6 ppm:
Dänicke, S. Ueberschär, KH. Valenta, H. Matthes, S. Matthäus. K. Halle I.(2004). “Effects of graded levels of Fusarium-toxin-contaminated wheat in Pekin duck diets on performance, health and metabolism of deoxynivalenol and zearalenone. Br. Poult. Sci. Apr45(2):264-72.
Institute of Animal Nutrition, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig (FAL), Braunschweig, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
.- About DON levels (Turkey) of 20 ppm:
Morris CM, Li YC, Ledoux DR, Bermudez AJ, Rottinghaus GE. (1999). “ The individual and combined effects of feeding moniliformin, supplied by Fusarium fujikuroi culture material, and deoxynivalenol in young turkey poults”. Poult Sci. 1999 Aug78(8):1110-1115.
Department of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia 65211, USA.
.- Abou DON levels (Broilers) of 10 ppm:
I have other interesting reference which shows that a diet contaminated with 10 ppm of DON which was given to broilers during 42 days had no effect in the feed consumption, feed conversion, or body weight. It was absence on clinical signs and the performance was not impaired, but altered the gut function of broilers.
Awad. WA. Böhm, J. Razzazi-Fazeli E. Hulan, HW. Zentek J.(2004) ”Effects of deoxynivalenol on general performance and electrophysiological properties of intestinal mucosa of broiler chickens” Poultry Sci. Dec83(12):1964-1972.
Institute of Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Science,
University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, A-1210 Vienna, Austria.
.- Apart from my extensive field observations.